NEW EDUCATIONAL TRENDS FOR MEDIA LITERACY AND THE PREVENTION OF FAKE NEWS
University of Library Studies and Information Technologies (ULSIT) (BULGARIA)
About this paper:
Conference name: 12th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 6-7 July, 2020
Location: Online Conference
Nowadays, the importance of media, both traditional and internet based, is undeniable. The way they influence society is indisputable. On the one hand, they enable all people to express themselves, while on the other, the explosive development of information and communication technologies provides another opportunity, no less significant though, which is communication between people in real time and anywhere in the world.
The age limit of digital technologies users is melting away with each passing day; from an early age, children have available tools and the technologies they need to surf the social networks.
In this regard, the provision of media literacy through the application of modern educational methods is closely linked to the development of independent and critical thinking in people, which guarantees their individual skills to sift out useful and reliable information from fake news that surrounds them everywhere in the information space.
Fake news can be intentionally false information, but it can also be made up of true information, deliberately taken from the context of the events. Its main task is to activate socio-political tension, create mass and destructive influence over society, and often aim to cause panic among the young population.
Faced with the dynamic situations in real social environment, it is necessary for society to overcome the lack of understanding of what is happening around them, to acquire in-depth theoretical, factual and practical knowledge in a broad context.
The scientific toolkit of this educational and upbringing process is based on the methodology of change, which is synthesized in the so-called 'architectural approach'.
The university community recognizes as its duty the need to prepare, educate, and pass on to the next generation the information, necessary to form their knowledge and skills. Based on this indisputable fact, informing science is of great importance not only for proper education but also for the upbringing of young people.
Keywords: Media literacy, information awareness, informing science, educational trends, fake news.