YOUTH MOBILITY FOR STUDY – FIRST STEP TOWARDS MIGRATION FOR WORK

A.M. Zamfir, M. Velciu, L. Grecu

National Scientific Research Institute for Labour and Social Protection (ROMANIA)
Student migration is an increasing phenomenon, right at the border between mobility and circular migration, as a temporary and usually repetitive movement of a young citizen (or migrant student ) who leave the home and go for achieve education and graduate schools, universities in another country. This paper deepens the study of increasing phenomenon of young migration for the purpose of education and analyse the several effects of these movements and their positive and negative implications on economic and social life, on human capital and educational gains, demographic changes, inequalities etc. In this case, we analyse data on migration and education for Romanian young people mobility. In this country, there are several effects of phenomenon of student mobility turning into (permanent) migration. There could be positive effects as gains in human capital, high skills and competences and social capital if the young Romanian graduates would return home and transfer acquired skills to home economy. The negative aspects are related to costs associated with loosinghuman capital such as brain drain, and costs related to labour performance as aging workforce, poor competences development, and insufficient adaptive performance in the work environment coming with the difficulty to gain the competitive new work environments. As a result, well-educated human resources may not support their home economy. Differences in human capital translate into unequal opportunities, lost work force potential and to inefficient allocation of resources.