DISTANCE LEARNING

A. Wiktorzak1, R. Kotowski2

1The State Higher School of Computer Science and Business Administration in Lomza (POLAND)
2Polish-Japanese Academy of Information Technology (POLAND)
Computer technologies are a set of tools used in educational processes. Technologies can be used in very different ways in education, according to the vision and methodology imposed. The use of computer technology depends on which learning theory is guiding the designers of eLearning solutions. The paper presents three main theories of teaching that determine the method of use of these technologies in different ways. Behaviourism sees the human mind as a library of concepts and computer technology is designed to support the process of storing and extracting information from memory. Cognitivism expands the perception of learning as a set of very complex information processing processes and interpreting them to build complex mental models. Constructivism is a set of theories pointing to the role of communication as a way to negotiate meanings in collaborative building of new skills and knowledge. The article also presents the types of remote training as well as the genesis of support systems for distance learning.