THE PROS AND CONS OF A STUDY CHOICE TEST

N. Wesseling

Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences (NETHERLANDS)
First year undergraduate students at the Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences of two different departments, were asked to join self-reported surveys in two succeeding years. Along with background variables, effort and commitment, the surveys asked elements of engagement. The later was analysed with factor analysis. The data of the surveys together with the results of the exams from the first year, were investigated to find out if the mandatory study choice test (SCT) taken before entering the faculty, had any predictive effect on their success. Not only basic statistical analysis like correlation was performed, but also more advanced analysis such as structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to uncover the value of the SCT. After a model was built, the normed fit index (NFI), the comparative fit index (CFI), the Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI) and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), were used to determine the fit of the model. By comparing the influence of the variables on the SCT, the benefits of the latter will be determined and ultimately enhance the knowledge about influences upon student success in higher education.