About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 826-831
Publication year: 2012
ISBN: 978-84-615-5563-5
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 6th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 5-7 March, 2012
Location: Valencia, Spain

RURAL-URBAN DIFFERENCES IN INFORMATION ACCESS AND INFORMATION LITERACY AMONG ADULTS IN TAIWAN

M.H. Wei1, C.H. Chen2

1Tzu Chi University (TAIWAN)
2Dahan Institute of Technology (TAIWAN)
The digital divide refers to the gap between those who have information and those who do not. Research evidence from many countries showed that there were significant differences between residents from urban areas and rural areas in computer and Internet usage. However, is this gap caused by personal traits of residents, or is it caused by the opportunities of information access? The primary purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are location differences in information access and information literacy. The secondary purpose was to examine the effects of residential location on information access and information literacy under controlled demographic characteristics.
The participants were adults above 18 years old living in Taipei City (urban area) and Hualien County (rural area) in Taiwan. The total sample consisted of 402 adults from urban area and 431 adults from rural area. Structural questionnaire contained measurement of demographic variables, information access and information literacy. A paper-and pencil survey was conducted among adults. The data have been collected during May to June 2011.
The results show that younger adults, those with more years of schooling, those with a higher occupational class, and those living in urban area have better performance in information access and information literacy. Rural residents appear to have lower frequency of computer usage and Internet usage than urban residents. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that with controlled demographic characteristics and information access, residential location no longer have a significant influence on information literacy, and the influential variables remaining were information access and education level.
These findings suggest that for less urbanization areas, information accessibility should be elevated, and the residents should be provided with information education. There should be suitably designed services and intervention strategies for disadvantaged person, including those with low educational level, low occupational class, and those who are older. As residential location is a variable belong environmental level, future studies should use multilevel modeling method to further clarify the effects of personal and environmental factors on digital divide.
@InProceedings{WEI2012RUR,
author = {Wei, M.H. and Chen, C.H.},
title = {RURAL-URBAN DIFFERENCES IN INFORMATION ACCESS AND INFORMATION LITERACY AMONG ADULTS IN TAIWAN},
series = {6th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2012 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-615-5563-5},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {5-7 March, 2012},
year = {2012},
pages = {826-831}}
TY - CONF
AU - M.H. Wei AU - C.H. Chen
TI - RURAL-URBAN DIFFERENCES IN INFORMATION ACCESS AND INFORMATION LITERACY AMONG ADULTS IN TAIWAN
SN - 978-84-615-5563-5/2340-1079
PY - 2012
Y1 - 5-7 March, 2012
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 6th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2012 Proceedings
SP - 826
EP - 831
ER -
M.H. Wei, C.H. Chen (2012) RURAL-URBAN DIFFERENCES IN INFORMATION ACCESS AND INFORMATION LITERACY AMONG ADULTS IN TAIWAN, INTED2012 Proceedings, pp. 826-831.
User:
Pass: