APPLICATION OF AUGMENTED REALITY TECHNOLOGY FOR TEACHING INDUSTRIAL SPECIALTIES IN PRACTICE
Ulyanovsk State Technical University (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
About this paper:
Conference name: 11th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 1-3 July, 2019
Location: Palma, Spain
Abstract:The problems of many Russian enterprises are the low level of training of new young personnel, as well as the constant reduction of specialists who are able to transfer their experience related to their age. The aim of the work is to formalize and transfer the experience of older generations, improving the quality and speed of education in the areas that are necessary for the enterprise.
Research laboratory of the Institute of distance and additional education of Ulyanovsk state Technical University (UlSTU) develops virtual jobs in various industrial specialties, and tries to use modern technology. Transparency Market Research company shows that augmented reality can surely be considered a real breakthrough in the educational sphere and the demand for technology will continue to grow. That's why our virtual training simulator of radio elements mounter was developed using AR technology.
After passing the theoretical course in the required direction, the young specialist is given the opportunity to start activity on a specially prepared real workplace. Moreover, the learner uses special AR glasses, which are not hinder him during task performance. In the beginning starts the stage of learning that describes each of the used tool, the workpiece and the document. The undoubted advantage is the ability to focus only on the information that is necessary to perform this work.
Also, the virtual simulator is equipped with an expert system that monitors the actions of the student in real time, gives additional recommendations and allows the repetition of certain types of operations, divided by competencies.
The obvious advantages over traditional methods are:
- Clarity. The trainee can study at a real workplace, and additional AR interfaces can be made as clear as possible.
- Visualization. Thanks to additional images and the use of visual memory improves the digestibility of the material.
- Interest. Most students want to feel "like in the movies" through the use of AR glasses.
Also, in comparison with the use of VR technology, the equipment for AR is less demanding on computing resources, and the efficiency of the latter is higher.
In conclusion, an experiment was conducted. Two groups of young professionals undergoing training were organized. The first group took courses with a teacher, the second was additionally trained with the application of augmented reality. The use of such a workplace and technology has improved discipline and motivation of students, increased by almost 60% the amount of acquired knowledge of technological processes and other features of the profession compared to traditional methods.
Keywords: Augmented reality, AR technology in education, industrial specialties teaching.