T. Vitenko1, V. Shanaida1, P. Droździel2, R. Madleňák3

1Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University (UKRAINE)
2Lublin University of Technology (POLAND)
3University of Zilina (SLOVAKIA)
Internationalization of higher education is one of the most important areas of higher educational institutions worldwide. However, universities are international in nature, the necessity of promotion of quality education of an international character contributed to the internationalization that is in the focus of higher education in modern society. The idea of internationalization requires the mobilization of academic resources. The advantages of internationalization: the pooling of resources, updating topics of research, creation of an effective system of quality education and system of education quality control. In order to understand why all universities tend to seek internationalization, it is important to investigate and study the internationalization itself and its aspects.

Analysis of existing modern trends confirms that the internationalization of higher education is one of the key tasks for the development of the European Higher Education space by 2020, the emphasis in higher education internationalization is made on real communication (mobility, study abroad), online learning (E -Learning), internationalization specification of forms, methods and tools becomes evident on the level of universities and teaching-staff, universities continue to search for a suitable forms and methods of internationalization. Important in this context are programs of student and teaching-staff mobility that function to stimulate the internationalization of curricula, i.e. the introduction of changes into partner-university curricula. Even in Europe itself there is a huge diversity of national systems of higher education, the desire to internationalize curricula and bring common European elements in them could only be implemented through mobility projects. It definitely has a positive impact on the quality of education in general.

On the other hand, an important tool in the issue of internationalization can be distance and e-learning, advantages of which are: you can learn anything; there is no territorial and time limitations. Exploitation of elements of information helps to ensure positive results in a short period of time, model various situations, access to training materials, exchange of experience and a variety of materials, that is why this process is promising, effective, convenient and quality.

Of course, to implement distance learning it is necessary to take appropriate steps such as technical security, the desire and ability to provide faculty training process. In addition, there should be a bond between teacher and student, support units and administration. With the rapid development of information and communication technologies is accelerating the formation of a unified open educational space that will be a kind of push for the modernization of higher education.

In this paper are analyzed the features of higher educational institutions internationalization; key tasks for the development of the European higher education space are highlightened and characterized; the focus is on mobility, scientific collaboration and distance learning - important factors of higher educational institutions development; also key components and established priority areas of indicated ways of internationalization are defined and analyzed and the problems in the context of improving higher education system are solved.