About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 5530-5537
Publication year: 2014
ISBN: 978-84-616-8412-0
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 10-12 March, 2014
Location: Valencia, Spain

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MOBILE LOCATION BASED-GAMES AND QR CODES: THE CASE OF MOBIGEO

L. Vieira1, C. Coutinho1, J. Graça2, J. Graça3

1Universidade do Minho (PORTUGAL)
2Municipality of Vila Verde (PORTUGAL)
3Agrupamento de Escolas de Vila Verde (PORTUGAL)
Education is being revolutionized by the introduction, of mobile technologies in the teaching and learning process. However, studies that focus in the application of mobile technologies to informal learning environments is scarce and not systematised (Jones et al, 2013). This is the reason for conducting a research project that involved a urban game MobiGeo, designed in to take better advantage of the flexibility and ubiquity offered by the Mobile Learning (ML) but also taking into account the importance of motivation and interaction to enhance students learning.

The definition of ML has been a complicated task for researchers, but there are assumptions that can not be neglected: the mobility, portability and ubiquity (Coutinho, 2011), these are features that will drive new learning spaces and thus motivate students. This idea is supported by Traxler (2007) that introduces the concepts of "just in time", "just enough" and "just-for-me" and So (2008) that speaks of the triad "location independence”, "independence time" and "meaningful content”.

These principles of "anytime" and "anywhere" consolidated by mobile technologies came to renew the variety of educational activities available to teachers and in this context arises the concept of mobile location-based games. According to Avouris and Yiannoutsou (2012, p. 2020) "these games are played in physical space, but at the same time, they are supported by actions and events in an interconnected virtual space", which can be classified into three categories: ludic, pedagogic and hybrid. By being in direct contact with the contents to assimilate and move in a real context, students will have a more significant learning (Silva & Delacruz, 2006) and this will result in the mobilization of knowledge in different contexts.To make the connection between the physical and the virtual world, our research has made use of Qr codes as these devices provide information in real time and in a dynamically way.

For this research was idealized an urban game called “MobiGeo”, that respect the principles suggested by Herrington et al (2009) and that has as common thread the history of the European Union.
To measure results the researchers developed a questionnaire that was adapted from a proposal of Savi et al (2010) which created a "Model to evaluate Educational Games”, so our proposal was built taking into account the motivational model of Kirkpatrick (level1) and encompassing three major dimensions: Motivation/Interest, Interaction and Perceived Learning. To assess the Motivation/Interest was used the Model ARCS (Relevance, Confidence and Satisfaction) and items of Fun, Immersion and Challenge of “Game User Experience”. On the other hand the interaction was evaluated by items of the Social Interaction dimension of the “Game of User Experience”, the Learning Perceptions were evaluated by Bloom's Taxonomy (Knowledge category).

In this paper we present the design and implementation of the Mobigeo outdoor learning activity with a group of 173 students from the 7th grade of a basic school in the north of Portugal. Initial results show that this urban game with Qr codes was an adequate activity to use in informal learning environments that could engage students in gaming with high degrees of motivation and interaction in order to solve the tasks presented to them and so consolidate and acquired new knowledge about the European Union.
@InProceedings{VIEIRA2014IMP,
author = {Vieira, L. and Coutinho, C. and Graça, J. and Graça, J.},
title = {THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MOBILE LOCATION BASED-GAMES AND QR CODES: THE CASE OF MOBIGEO},
series = {8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2014 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-616-8412-0},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {10-12 March, 2014},
year = {2014},
pages = {5530-5537}}
TY - CONF
AU - L. Vieira AU - C. Coutinho AU - J. Graça AU - J. Graça
TI - THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MOBILE LOCATION BASED-GAMES AND QR CODES: THE CASE OF MOBIGEO
SN - 978-84-616-8412-0/2340-1079
PY - 2014
Y1 - 10-12 March, 2014
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2014 Proceedings
SP - 5530
EP - 5537
ER -
L. Vieira, C. Coutinho, J. Graça, J. Graça (2014) THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MOBILE LOCATION BASED-GAMES AND QR CODES: THE CASE OF MOBIGEO, INTED2014 Proceedings, pp. 5530-5537.
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