DESCRIPTIVE MODELS OF LEARNING OBJECTS AND LEARNING CONTENT DESIGN
Descriptive models representing learning objects (LOs) are here introduced. It will be considered models describing general features of LOs (descriptive, structural, administrative metadata; intellectual property rights; ...); LO types; LOs internal architecture (e.g. parts of a LO). This analysis offers an updated state of the art related to LOs metadata schemes, models describing the content structure of a LO, and finally vocabularies for indexing educational resources.
For each model introduced, a brief description will be provided with a focus on more relevant elements from a pedagogical point of view. In particular, the analysis will be focused on the use of such models for supporting learning content design processes.
This study is part of a more extensive project whose main goal is the development of a formal and pedagogically oriented ontology of LOs that will be defined by means of different steps: (i) the definition of the state of the art of LOs descriptive models; (ii) the phenomenological analysis of the LO ontological status; (iii) the development of a LOs primitive taxonomy and the related vocabulary; (iv) the design of a LOs ontology; (v) the definition of specification required to implement the LO ontology in real-world scenarios (e.g. learning content design).
It will contribute to the achievement of project goals by means of (i) the definition of the main features/dimensions required to describe a LO; (ii) the definition of a terminological base which to refer to develop the ontological model; (iii) the definition of a taxonomic scheme for LO types classification; (iv) the definition of the components of a LO (in particular through the analysis of LOs structure models); and finally (v) the definition of a rich and updated bibliography.