EDUCATION AND LIFELONG LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES IN THE PRIVATE SECURITY SERVICES IN SLOVAK REPUBLIC

A. Veľas, Z. Zvaková, J. Svetlík

University of Zilina, Faculty of Security Engineering (SLOVAKIA)
Security services are one of the precondition and available preventive measures for the reduction of probability of damage’s occurrence to the property and to the health of people. Using of Security services as a preventive tool against the different risks requires their effective running and providing quality services besides lawful support of these organizations. Nowadays, within the field of private security services is employed approximately 22 000 persons. The main problems of employers in the field of private security services are a shortage of applicants for a job, fluctuation of employees and their professionalism or quality. The purpose of this paper is to identify and analyse factors associated with education of employees in the field of private security services. The concept of qualification education in private security services in Slovak republic is not resolved sufficiently. Ten years (validation of licence) can pass since obtaining of qualification license and its holder does not need to know what changes happened in law acts during that time. Practice indicates needs of deepening both law knowledge and expertise of employees and operators of private security services. The data used in the article are from an observation, analysis and assessment of the current situation in the research area and an analysis of available resources (Activity reports of private security services in Slovak republic), from realised questionnaires and interviews. Will be utilized also methods of brainstorming, comparison and deduction. There is also discussion about the demand for educational system modification (e.g. lowering requirements for guardsmen) and expanding of detective competences (e.g. possibility of entering into police databases) in professional circles. In conclusion of the article will proposed changes, which will be presented in draft legislation regulating business in the sphere of commercial security. Presented proposals will be used for discussions in professional forums in Slovakia and the Czech Republic (in the Czech Republic is the law under construction).