DEVELOPING HEALTH ENHANCING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY MODULES FOR HIGHER AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PARTICIPANTS
1 Canterbury Christ church University (UNITED KINGDOM)
2 Free University of Brussells (BELGIUM)
3 University of Southern Denmark (DENMARK)
4 Hanze University of Applied University Groningen (NETHERLANDS)
About this paper:
Conference name: 10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 16-18 November, 2017
Location: Seville, Spain
Abstract:Health enhancing physical inactivity is a growing concern leading to health problems in Europe and nationwide. WHO (2017) stated that the current levels of physical inactivity are the consequence of insufficient participation in physical activity and an increase in sedentary behavior. The British Heart Foundation (2015) also reported that 13 to 15 years in England were sedentary for six hours or more for both genders (boys = 24%, girls = 16%) on weekdays, and there was a spike of sedentary behaviour on weekend days with 43% of boys and 37% for this age group.
The "Sport, Physical Education and Coaching for Health" (SPEACH) project, is an Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union (2015-2017). The key purpose of the project to prepare professional practitioners in higher and vocational education in the areas of Physical Education, Sports and Physical Activity to change behaviors of the citizens of Europe and increase physical activity. To achieve this, the project culminated in developing, validating, piloting and evaluating five Health Enhancing Physical Activity (HEPA) related modules, which may be embedded into existing education structures in the areas of Physical Education, Sports and Physical Activity.
The design of the HEPA modules attempts to test a cutting edge multidisciplinary approach that bridges the gap between research / theory and practice (Armour, 2014). The needs analysis phase of the project comprised survey responses of 660 students in higher and vocational education studying Physical Education, Sports and Physical Activity from seven European countries; 14 interviewees with subject experts; and a focus group with professional and academic field experts. The results demonstrated that students in particular welcome a multidisciplinary approach for module content. The combination of “dual” content themes in modules was a key innovation that students responded favourably to. Therefore, HEPA modules covered themes such as changing behavior; personal leadership; physical activity for special target groups; health policy; linked to young people, their families and sport; management; nutrition, walking sports and healthy aging; and so on. Surveyed students’ views of desirable pedagogy / didactics for these modules were practice oriented; training; internship / work based; group-and classroom based teaching. Three HEPA modules were piloted in a real-life setting in an intensive week of teaching (20 hours) each module to three groups of undergraduate students from Physical Education, Sports and Physical Activity from Europe that opted to participate in the pilot study. The developed HEPA modules were evaluated by students and staff; and the findings demonstrated relevance, enjoyment, flexibility and differentiated levels of instruction that will facilitate the embedding of any of these modules at vocational, bachelor as well as master level. These modules will be available online in an open resource that will facilitate free access, collaboration and cooperation of stakeholders in higher and vocational education in the areas of Physical Education, Sports and Physical Activity.
Keywords: Health Enhancing Physical Activity, Physical Education, Coaching, Pedagogy / Didactics Higher Education, Erasmus+ Programme.