METHODOLOGY IDEAS FOR IMPROVING THE LEARNING IN MATHEMATICS IN MULTIDISCIPLINARY SETTINGS
Education is discussed with great interest by large sectors of society to the point that students' achievements are considered indicators of a country's development. Due to the important social value of this discussion, it is appropriate to deep in their main contributions and results.
Historically, Education has been imparted by emphasizing the intellectual, with a clear orientation towards the transmission of information, content storage and playback procedures. Today it is recommended to establish methodologies or strategies that will achieve significant learning really focused on the creativity and potential of the student.
In this sense, as recommended by european laws, competencies-based Education is the key to ensure acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes, and consequently to achieve an integrated education of each individual.
Therefore, presenting Mathematics as a discipline related to the natural and social life is fundamental, because the main aim of Education is to transmit to all the students the basic elements of culture, to train them to assume his duties, to exercise their rights and to prepare them for integration into working life.
Analysis of the latest reports of the programme PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) highlights certain aspects to take into account when considering an approach to teaching:
- Motivation: Students who are motivated and confident in their abilities are normally adopting effective learning strategies and usually get better returns. Therefore, the main goal should be to get intrinsic motivation in the student for the specific matter.
- Context activities: Activities based on real environment are needed to really prepare students to implement them in real life thanks to contextualization.
- Digital culture: Education in the field of digital culture becomes urgent due to the social acceptation. Despite the efforts by countries to facilitate access to computers in the school, computers are used more for unacademic things. This implies the necessity to integrate ICT (Information and Communication Technology) in teaching and learning.
Thus, these results in the lasts reports of the programme PISA indicate that transforming education, by setting out real multidisciplinary activities which motivate students and by using methods that allow to learn most effectively, is needed.
In this work, we show and analyze one of these innovative experiments in education that could lead to new paradigms in Education in Mathematics, particularly in multidisciplinary settings as engineering degrees.