About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 3709-3718
Publication year: 2014
ISBN: 978-84-617-2484-0
ISSN: 2340-1095

Conference name: 7th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 17-19 November, 2014
Location: Seville, Spain

THE CROSSROAD BETWEEN HUMAN CAPITAL, KNOWLEDGE AND INNOVATION: THE MEXICAN EXPERIENCE

G. Valenti1, R. Salazar2

1UAM-Xochimilco (MEXICO)
2FLACSO (MEXICO)
The paper reflects on the potential contribution of the effort to increase the educational level of the population and training opportunities for professional resources in economic growth, taking as reference the theories of human capital and innovation. In both cases the discussion will be based in the main concepts and researchs that are derived from both theories.

The focus will be the case of Mexico and the purpose is to find what has been the contribution to economic growth by the increase of the years of schooling during the period 1991-2010 as part of major reforms in higher education and science and technology.

The central hypothesis is that human capital contribute to economic growth, only to the extent that a system of practices and institutions guide and promote the incorporation of knowledge into the productive efforts of enterprises and other economic sectors.

As part of the analysis it has been designed a model of a national innovation system SNI that reflects the special conditions of the country and also captures the impacts of human resources in economic development. One of the contributions of the application of the model is the distinction between a set of variables resulting in two clusters that we call SNI-scientific and SNI-enterprise.

As a part of the discussion a "cross national" analysis will be presented which provides further evidence on the factor of influence on economic growth performing the interaction between scholling increase effort and a national innovation system evolution.

As part of the analysis the paper include the main features of supply and quality of education and the performance of the labor market during the period. The focus will be the utilization and absorption of knowledge.
@InProceedings{VALENTI2014CRO,
author = {Valenti, G. and Salazar, R.},
title = {THE CROSSROAD BETWEEN HUMAN CAPITAL, KNOWLEDGE AND INNOVATION: THE MEXICAN EXPERIENCE},
series = {7th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2014 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-617-2484-0},
issn = {2340-1095},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {17-19 November, 2014},
year = {2014},
pages = {3709-3718}}
TY - CONF
AU - G. Valenti AU - R. Salazar
TI - THE CROSSROAD BETWEEN HUMAN CAPITAL, KNOWLEDGE AND INNOVATION: THE MEXICAN EXPERIENCE
SN - 978-84-617-2484-0/2340-1095
PY - 2014
Y1 - 17-19 November, 2014
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 7th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2014 Proceedings
SP - 3709
EP - 3718
ER -
G. Valenti, R. Salazar (2014) THE CROSSROAD BETWEEN HUMAN CAPITAL, KNOWLEDGE AND INNOVATION: THE MEXICAN EXPERIENCE, ICERI2014 Proceedings, pp. 3709-3718.
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