About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 3845-3850
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-617-8491-2
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2017.0937

Conference name: 11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 6-8 March, 2017
Location: Valencia, Spain

EDUCATION POSSIBILITIES FOR THE JEWS IN RUSSIA IN THE 19TH – 20TH CENTURIES

O. Ulyanova1, E. Chernyak2, E. Shvagrukova1, S. Tacheva1

1Tomsk Polytechnic University (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
2Tomsk State University (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
The paper shows the opportunities for the Jews to get the secondary-level and professional education connected with their legislation and cultural situation of the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th-the beginning of the 20th centuries.
The purpose is to reveal and describe the real historical situation emerged around the Jews teaching in the Jewish Pale and in Siberia. As a source of evidence the archival materials of are used as well as the data taken from The First Census of Russian Empire Population. The results presented in the paper were obtained relying on the following common research methods: description, comparison and analysis. The system approach due to which a Jewish community in Tomsk is considered to be a self-regulated system of interrelated and mutually specified elements has become a methodological framework of the paper. The civilization approach is also used. The Jews of Tomsk were under Russian civilization sphere of influence with its socio-economic, political and cultural features. Tomsk Jewish community was considered through the prism of preserved socio-cultural and spiritual elements of Hebrew civilization, which accounted for using the main principles of the civilization approach. While using it, however, it should be kept in mind that some elements of Hebrew civilization were modified; they included some Russian civilization traits. Moreover, the example of Tomsk Jewish community vital activity demonstrated that this influence was especially traced in accordance with involving a greater number of Jews into the social life than inside the pale of settlement.
The results obtained show two tendencies. On the one hand, the great majority of the Jews, speaking Russian, demonstrates incorporation into Siberian culture. On the other hand, the high percentage of people points on keeping ethnic mentality and contiguity with the Jewish community. It should be noted that the system of education for the Jews in the second half of the 19th - the beginning of the 20th centuries had undergone serious transformations. Changes in the legislation connected with education fitted smoothly in the framework of the liberalization of domestic policy in the 60-70-ies of the 19th. They influenced positively on the civil status of the Jews in the pale of settlement as well as in Siberia. Due to education the Jewish people obtained the access to the professions that had been earlier forbidden for them. As to Siberia, they got the opportunity to live there legally. It led to the irreversible changes in the Jewish community, which began to appreciate secular education as a guarantee for survival and prosperity. Eagerness of the Jewish youth to get secular education reached such strength that in the 80-ies of the 19th century the government implemented measures for limiting educational opportunities for the Jews, introducing the percentage. However, these means, by contrast, strengthened the desire of the Jewish youth to study. As a result, in the beginning of the 20th century the bilingualism typical for the pale of settlement in the 20th century became a thing of the past. In Siberia these processes ran faster because of the isolation from the religious centers.
@InProceedings{ULYANOVA2017EDU,
author = {Ulyanova, O. and Chernyak, E. and Shvagrukova, E. and Tacheva, S.},
title = {EDUCATION POSSIBILITIES FOR THE JEWS IN RUSSIA IN THE 19TH – 20TH CENTURIES},
series = {11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2017 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-617-8491-2},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2017.0937},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2017.0937},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {6-8 March, 2017},
year = {2017},
pages = {3845-3850}}
TY - CONF
AU - O. Ulyanova AU - E. Chernyak AU - E. Shvagrukova AU - S. Tacheva
TI - EDUCATION POSSIBILITIES FOR THE JEWS IN RUSSIA IN THE 19TH – 20TH CENTURIES
SN - 978-84-617-8491-2/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2017.0937
PY - 2017
Y1 - 6-8 March, 2017
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2017 Proceedings
SP - 3845
EP - 3850
ER -
O. Ulyanova, E. Chernyak, E. Shvagrukova, S. Tacheva (2017) EDUCATION POSSIBILITIES FOR THE JEWS IN RUSSIA IN THE 19TH – 20TH CENTURIES, INTED2017 Proceedings, pp. 3845-3850.
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