ANALYSIS OF SAFETY AND HEALTH AWARENESS AMONG PRIMARY STUDENTS

I. Tureková1, T. Bagalová1, L. Makovická Osvaldová2

1Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra (SLOVAKIA)
2University of Žilina (SLOVAKIA)
The aim of educational institutions is to find answers as to what to teach in terms of safety and health, how and when to teach it, what the content of the curricula should be and what forms and teaching methods to use. Occupational safety and health is currently a cross-cutting topic in loads of subjects. The analysis of study programmes shows that the curricula lacks risk identification and definition, its emergence, acceptability conditions and prevention. Risk assessment should create a particular chapter in a lot of the subjects and be their integral part. It is essential that the school and teachers make the students perceive health and safety in a broader context. Students then approach safety as a separate discipline and this approach later translates into practical life. The article observes in detail the survey on health and safety which we have carried out on a representative research sample made of 5th, 7th and 9th grade students of primary school. Based on recent statistics on school injury rate in Slovakia, this topic is highly relevant. The paper also presents a draft of application solutions to educational process with the aim to increase the awareness and decrease injury rate at schools.