About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 9613-9616
Publication year: 2018
ISBN: 978-84-09-05948-5
ISSN: 2340-1095
doi: 10.21125/iceri.2018.0778

Conference name: 11th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 12-14 November, 2018
Location: Seville, Spain

THEORETICAL BACKGROUND FOR THE CREATION OF MULTIMEDIA MODELS AND ANIMATIONS FOR THE UNIVERSITY TEACHING OF MEDICAL BIOPHYSICS

M. Trnka

Institute of Medical Physics, Biophysics, Informatics and Telemedicine, Medical Faculty (SLOVAKIA)
Introduction:
At the Faculty of Medicine Comenius University in Bratislava we created an efficient algorithm of minute knowledge base (MKB), based on a “memory maps” method (mind maps) in electronic form. “Mind map” is a scheme presenting relations among concepts. The main goal is to get familiar with basic concepts and their relations and creation of system with certain hierarchy. It supports logical and creative thinking by categorization of ideas and basic relations among them. The algorithm increases the variability of teaching topics and can help the student using ICT obtain detailed information about the given issues.

Methodology:
Minute knowledge base is created by a core set of information that can be read in a minute. Each set of knowledge representing a particular scientific topic can be structured and expresed in graphical form as a network of nodes that lie on radials and meridians. The scientific topic is located in the center of a structured network. Nodes represent the key concepts that can be expanded into a hypertext. Then, from the network center each theorem can be developed at various levels of difficulty in meridians and radials at several levels.
To each level in the network radially from the center can be assigned a problem goal with different forms of solution and with different scales of difficulty. It can also be used to support training of flexible creative thinking, to faster long-term memory (as a mnemonic - storage hook), but also as the dynamic updating of teaching content based on new scientific and technological knowledge.

Results:
The authors designed and developed several models of MKB in electronic form, which can help university students but also students at lower levels of education (secondary, primary and even nursery schools). As an example could be introduced detailed model of MKB concerning the problem thematic unit of “Blood circulation model”.
Based on the already existing electronic model of the cardiovascular system, a diagram was first created in text form, followed by the creation of a multimedia model with a number of hyperlinks and electronic information sources (video, audio) on the issue.
By a simple choice of icons hierarchically lower levels of the model are displayed. MKB created computer models and animations are compatible with simulation models and they are successfully used in practical exercises in medical biophysics using interactive tools.

Conclusions:
The MKB model is suitable for the implementation of web technology using the principle of hypertext. This implementation assumes that the model is programmed as an interactive network, where in the meridians and radial nodes there are placed icons that represent different proposition, objects or concepts. Choice of individual icons displays hierarchically lower levels of a model. The electronic form of utilization of the model MKB allows its use in e-learning.

Acknowledgement:
Contribution was supported by GP KEGA MESRS of the SR 003UK–4/2016 and 026UK-4/2017.

References:
[1] Kukurova, E. et al. “Mind maps” of basics of physics. Bratislava: Asklepios, 2007, 127 p. ISBN 978-80-7167-098-8.
[2] Kralova, E. Motivation of medical students to study physical, chemical and biological sciences – survey results. In: EDULEARN 17, 9th annual International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies. Conference proceedings [electronic source]. Barcelona: IATED Academy, 2017, p. 9220-9223 [USB]. ISBN 978-84-697-3777-4.
@InProceedings{TRNKA2018ORE,
author = {Trnka, M.},
title = {THEORETICAL BACKGROUND FOR THE CREATION OF MULTIMEDIA MODELS AND ANIMATIONS FOR THE UNIVERSITY TEACHING OF MEDICAL BIOPHYSICS},
series = {11th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2018 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-09-05948-5},
issn = {2340-1095},
doi = {10.21125/iceri.2018.0778},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2018.0778},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {12-14 November, 2018},
year = {2018},
pages = {9613-9616}}
TY - CONF
AU - M. Trnka
TI - THEORETICAL BACKGROUND FOR THE CREATION OF MULTIMEDIA MODELS AND ANIMATIONS FOR THE UNIVERSITY TEACHING OF MEDICAL BIOPHYSICS
SN - 978-84-09-05948-5/2340-1095
DO - 10.21125/iceri.2018.0778
PY - 2018
Y1 - 12-14 November, 2018
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 11th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2018 Proceedings
SP - 9613
EP - 9616
ER -
M. Trnka (2018) THEORETICAL BACKGROUND FOR THE CREATION OF MULTIMEDIA MODELS AND ANIMATIONS FOR THE UNIVERSITY TEACHING OF MEDICAL BIOPHYSICS, ICERI2018 Proceedings, pp. 9613-9616.
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