VIETNAM SCHOOL EDUCATION (PRIMARY, SECONDARY AND HIGH SCHOOL LEVELS) IN THE PERIOD 2011-2015

C.P. Tran1, T.A. Chu2, T.L. Nguyen2, A.V. Nguyen2

1The Vietnam Institute of Educational Sciences (VIETNAM)
2Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Institute of Physics (VIETNAM)
The detailed investigation of Vietnam school education systems in the period 2011-2015 is presented in this report. According to the last national survey of population, the population of Vietnam reaches nearly one hundreds millions, and quite young with approximately 14.5 per cent of the total male and 13.5 per cent of the total female population under 16 years of age. In the school year 2014-1015 around 15.1 millions pupils are recorded in Vietnam. Among them approximately 7.5 millions attend primary schools, 5.1 millions are in secondary schools, and 5.5 millions in high schools. Mostly pupils live at home with their parents and their overall success conceals the fact that disparities are widening between the rich and the poor, the Kinh majority and ethnic minorities, and between urban and rural areas. Vietnam government has made impressive strides toward ensuring all children have access to a quality school education. Training for teachers is a high priority to improve the quality of education at all levels, appealing learning materials and building school facilities that promote not only academic achievement, but also physical, psychological, social and emotional growth. Vietnamese government has been supporting the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) to improve the quality of inclusive education for children with disabilities. Technical support has been provided at the sub-national level for the establishment and functioning of resource centers for inclusive education. By those efforts in the last years, the enter-right-time-rate (one of the most important education indexes) of Vietnam is constantly improving, nearly 100 per cent for primary schools, 93 per cent for secondary schools, and 63 per cent for high schools, but with a big discrepancy depend on areas, ages, and sex of pupils. Several tables, graphics and statistical data of school education situation today of Vietnam are given in this report, also discussions and some results will be fed back into national programs and policies for application at all schools across the country.