MUSIC EDUCATION AND MUSIC THERAPY

A. Tóth-Bakos

J. Selye University (SLOVAKIA)
The main purpose of the study is to summarize and characterize some applicable forms of musical activities and suggest some applicable music educational and therapeutic methods and technics to educational and therapeutic work with children with any kind of disabilities. In our study we define expressions music education and music therapy. These two phenomena are qualitatively different views to music which are really appropriate to combine. It is interesting to find some educational elements in music therapeutic methods which should be used in music education and contrariwise find some therapeutic elements in music educational methods which should be used in music therapy. The methods and technics we present are the following: Suzuki method, Dalcrose Eurhythmics, Orff Sculwerk and the newest and less know Ulwila method. One of the newest methods of music therapy is Ulwila method, which color score system is the first music educational and music special education teacher developed by Heinrich Ullrich for special music education and music therapy for children with learning disabilities. In his method Ullrich defied the general theory that children with learning, mental or any kind of disabilities are not able to play an instrument and sing longer songs. The method thus combines music education and music therapy mission, providing music education and the simultaneous achievement of therapeutic goals. Found in the application, Ulwila method for its simplicity is appropriate not only for people with disabilities, but for all, who cannot or do not want to learn traditional noting or scoring system. The method is therefore applicable for kindergartens, schools, nursing homes and also for children with autism or other disabilities and for all families longing for play music. With this method, families and communities can play music together to make music not aristocratic privilege, became to reality Kodály´s well well-known motto: "Let the music for everyone."