EFFECTS OF BOLOGNA, THE ECONOMIC CRISIS AND THE IMMIGRATION IN ENROLLMENT AT THE UPM

Over the past 20 years, the economic landscape has changed dramatically in Spain, undergoing a growth explosion and a subsequent decline which has led to the current economic crisis.

This growth has led to heavy immigration from both developed and developing countries, which provided skilled and unskilled labor.

This article aims to analyze the impact of immigrant students at the Polytechnic University of Madrid, pondering the effect that the economic crisis is having and will have on this group, and evaluating the implementation of new plans of Bologna.

We analyze the enrollment at the UPM and particularize to the Civil Engineering school (previous EUITOP), crossing with the effect of the economic crisis on foreign students. Morevover, we make a forward extrapolation based on the new plans of Bologna.

The exponential increase of foreign students, most of them from Latin American and born in Spain, and students of European countries that have started to register considerably from 2002 and 2003, lead us to consider a renewal in certain areas of learning, and to exploit the possibility of interaction with other countries so successful through the acquisition of transversal skills, as well as to guide and improve, support and integrate these groups at our university.