COURSE MATERIALS PROVIDING FRAMEWORK USING PAAS VIDEO SHARING SERVICE FOR FLIPPED CLASSROOM APPROACH ON UNIVERSITY OF LIBERAL ARTS
Flipped classroom approach is one of the forms on class direction. Generally, the learner of taking flipped classroom have to study class materials before starting class hour. The basic knowledge of lesson content is explained by the course materials which is provided video materials on the e-Learning environment. Usually, the learner can study the content of the class at their home or dormitory by e-Learning, they will be able to get basic knowledge of the class before starting class hour. In the class hour, the learner work on the higher-level practice exercise, and getting support for solving their exercise from teacher. We can find any important point to drive flipped class room, one of the point is how to provide video materials of class content for the learners. The basic way is to build Learning Management System such as Moodle, the video material is uploaded and shared to the learners over the LMS. the good point of this solution is to collect easily browsing and operating history of learners using LMS extension plugin. These collected history is provided for analyzing learning behavior of the learners. Analyzed result provides some feedback to learners. We think it is good solution for driving flipped classroom, if the university has enough ICT expert staff. It is often the case that general liberal arts university does not have enough ICT expert staff. It is difficult to build and operate LMS environment on their own, then it is difficult to drive flipped classroom approach on that universities.
In this research, we have built a course materials providing framework for flipped classroom. Especially, our framework is focused on the university of liberal arts field. Generally, small and local single-department college which field is non-science educational institution does not have enough ICT section and staff. It is difficult to build and operate LMS by themselves. On the other hand, we can use public cloud service such as Google Cloud Platform, Amazon Web Services right now. In addition, video sharing service on the Platform as a Service such as YouTube provides to share video materials easily with browsing limitation and user authentication cooperate with that public cloud service. And, it is easier to build sharing environment for class materials than on premise environment.
Our prototype platform is built with Google Cloud Platform function, and YouTube APIs. When the drive and operate, prototype does not need ICT specialists for server hardware, and network operator. Additionally, we can collect browsing history of learners for provided video materials via APIs. It is not enough history to solve learners browsing behavior, however, we can judge who plays video materials or not. As a result, we think we can achieve the purposes of introduction first step for driving flipped classroom on the university of liberal arts field.