University of Salerno (ITALY)
About this paper:
Appears in: EDULEARN13 Proceedings
Publication year: 2013
Pages: 6621-6629
ISBN: 978-84-616-3822-2
ISSN: 2340-1117
Conference name: 5th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 1-3 July, 2013
Location: Barcelona, Spain
The Western world considers presumptuously the bearer of a culture seen as "progress line" that goes into unilateral direction from the Western world towards others "worlds" considered a technological, scientific, political and moral imperative of a lower step. Similar prejudice lives inside of other global civilization against the West. To understand this phenomenon, one must consider "ethnocentrism", which consists in considering their own culture superior to those of different worlds (Hoax, Calvert, Lozupone, 2007). Any culture, has got inside traditions, stories, rituals that are questionable in their uniqueness and have, instead, a universality that makes it very similar to the other. Taking advantage from the appearance of the universality of the different cultures, you can build a bridge that leads us to the other, considered much different from us, using those same qualities that lead the man to a group to understand their fellow men. And this is the goal that we must strive to ensure that our society is capable of containing and rework the different cultures that cross it and that, irreversibly, will tend to infiltrate the national social fabric (Fabietti, Malighetti, Matera, 2012).
For this infiltration is done constructively, you must use appropriate tools enabling the socialization and communication as psychodrama and sociodrama (Bossa, 2010), whose conditions are to be found at the intersection of two cultural orientations and ideal: theatrical experimentation and psychic suffering (Moreno, 1920). Starting from these considerations, the research group, in the following paper, presents a field survey carried out at the CIF (Italian Female Centre) of Avellino, to verify if using psychodramatic techniques promote the development of a form of integration that stress respect for "diversity" as a resource and reciprocal enrichment. Among dramatic composition techniques the sociodrama was mostly used, it deals with social roles and their internal representations. The primary purpose of the project developed by the research team was: stimulation of a recognition process of stereotypes and prejudices, sometimes unaware; a genuine interest in the different social and cultural realities, to resolve in a positive way the attitudes of fear, suspicion, rejection that often characterize the "no relationship" with each other.
Culture, ethnocentrism, integration, psychodrama, sociodrama.