THE EVALUATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF AUDITORY PERCEPTION IN INDIVIDUALS WITH EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE DISORDER IN THE CONTEXT OF EDUCATION

J. Tabachová, K. Vitásková, L. Kytnarová

Palacký University Olomouc, Faculty of Education, Institute of Special Education Studies (CZECH REPUBLIC)
Introduction:
Auditory perception is one of the basic cognitive functions, which is a prerequisite for mastering reading and writing. When we are monitoring auditory perception as a basis for reading and writing we mainly focus on the level of phonemic awareness on capabilities such as: listening, distinction of figure and background, auditory differentiation, auditory analysis and synthesis, auditory memory and perception of rhythm. One of the symptoms of expressive language disorder is impaired auditory perception.

Methodology:
The paper deals with comparing the level of child‘s auditory perception before entering elementary school and after 8 months of attendance at primary school due to norms for typical population.

Results:
The research confirmed that the level of auditory perception (listening, auditory analysis and synthesis, auditory memory) improves with learning academic skills. Obtained data revealed that the process of learning academic skills does not improve distinction of figure and background, auditory differentiation and perception of rhythm. In comparison with the standards for the intact population the level is of auditory perception in individuals with expressive language disorder on the edge of lover diameter and below average.

Conclusion:
As part of the educational process it is necessary to develop all components of auditory perception not only auditory analysis and synthesis and auditory memory because all components of auditory perception are necessary for adequate mastering academic skills.