About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 7823-7827
Publication year: 2016
ISBN: 978-84-608-5617-7
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2016.0840

Conference name: 10th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-9 March, 2016
Location: Valencia, Spain

THE CRITICAL AND NON-CRITICAL THINKING AMONG THE HIGH-SCHOOL GRADUATES IN ROMANIA

S. Stanciugelu, D. Iacob

National University of Political Studies and Public Administration (ROMANIA)
The aim of our paper is to test through an empirical research the potential of the high school graduates (university students in their first three days of school) to assess situations and statements that contain noncritical and critical thinking.

Objectives:
(i) This paper aims to present the mystical thinking of one of the most non-critical discourses circulating online in recent years in 25 statements. We refer here to the speech from the "documentary" movie - The Law of the Occult Resonance in the Universe, which supports the need to believe in what we are and we want. If we have this special attitude of faith toward achieving and realizing our desires we get a "cooperation" from the Universe in their realization. The movie is a story about the relationships between
(a) our minds and
(b) the Universe that answers to the positive messages that our minds release towards It by sending back our positive thoughts and enriching our life experiences in good and unexpected desired facts and actions, situations, personal life objectives.
(ii) The second objective of the work is exposing subjects to statements that have to assess by the pattern I agree / I disagree / It is too general to express my opinion in this case.

Methodology:
The subjects belong to the group of students who just started the university year at the Faculty of Communication and Public Relations, National university of Political and Administrative Studies, Bucharest, Romania.
The group structure was: 168 respondents; GENDER: Male - 34, Female - 134; RELIGION - 21 atheists, 15 non-answers, 132 believers; EDUCATION: 36 high-school with technical specialization, 132 the social sciences high-school oriented.

The relevant questions that we selected from the 25 questions are Q2 – the denial of the critical thinking that seems to ”contain a negative energy”, Q1, Q5, Q20.
Q2. Be confident instead of doubting about things and yourself, because the doubt is, in fact, an energy, but a negative one. (the value of confidence to be successful - believe and not doubt of your success). - 141 ”I agree” options
Q1. When you want something, do it by your whole heart, for (i) only in this case you send the most powerful energy towards the Universe and (ii) the chances of your desire to come back to you as positive energy (desire fulfilled) increase. - 149 ”I agree” options
Q5. Be open to the Unexpected/Unknown, because even when you do not know which is the result of Chance, things always happen for a reason. (the value of the belief in a profane force beyond the immediate reality, governing by a certain Plan) - 137 ”I agree” options
Q20. When you solve a complicated problem or have to take a difficult decision, follow your intuition since it gives you a sense of harmony and wellness, rather than getting lost in rational calculations that make you doubt any of the alternatives you have. (value of belief in yourself) - 122 ”I agree” options

The percentage of students who agreed with these statements highly founded in the mystical thinking was between 73-89%, the direct statement concerning the critical thinking having a percentage of 84%. Our final conclusion is that the subjects are inclined rather towards the mystical thinking than the critical – scientific attitude about the problems to be solved and, generally, to the reality around them.
@InProceedings{STANCIUGELU2016CRI,
author = {Stanciugelu, S. and Iacob, D.},
title = {THE CRITICAL AND NON-CRITICAL THINKING AMONG THE HIGH-SCHOOL GRADUATES IN ROMANIA},
series = {10th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2016 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-608-5617-7},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2016.0840},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2016.0840},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {7-9 March, 2016},
year = {2016},
pages = {7823-7827}}
TY - CONF
AU - S. Stanciugelu AU - D. Iacob
TI - THE CRITICAL AND NON-CRITICAL THINKING AMONG THE HIGH-SCHOOL GRADUATES IN ROMANIA
SN - 978-84-608-5617-7/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2016.0840
PY - 2016
Y1 - 7-9 March, 2016
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 10th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2016 Proceedings
SP - 7823
EP - 7827
ER -
S. Stanciugelu, D. Iacob (2016) THE CRITICAL AND NON-CRITICAL THINKING AMONG THE HIGH-SCHOOL GRADUATES IN ROMANIA, INTED2016 Proceedings, pp. 7823-7827.
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