DIGITAL LEARNING METHODOLOGIES AND TOOLS – A LITERATURE REVIEW

M.J. Sousa, R. Cruz, J.M. Martins

Universidade Europeia (PORTUGAL)
This paper main goal is to make a literature review about digital learning methodologies and tools with the aim of identifying and analyze the different methodologies which potentiates the learning process.

Digital learning is increasingly influencing both classroom/campus-based teaching but more import is leading to new models or designs for teaching and learning.

This research will be framed by the constructivist approaches to learning and the development of the online collaborative learning theory (OCL) developed by Harasim (2012).

The OCL uses the following methodologies, supported on text: expositive, demonstrative, interactive, and practical. The first relates to the presentation of theory, concepts and other information and it is based on text enriched with animation. In the second, scripts underlying the schematics demonstrate behaviors. In the third, the learner interacts with properly designed tools to practice and test her/his level of proficiency. The last methodology is based on the use of simulators.

Besides the analysis of all of those methodologies and the tools associated to them, the research will also identify the necessary conditions for digital learning success, in order to accomplish that goal a systematic literature review will make possible to identify the methodologies and also the more recent tools used to promote digital learning and teaching.