THE USE OF SOCIAL NETWORKS AS A TOOL FOR FLIPPED CLASSROOM METHODOLOGY: A PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE IN HIGHER EDUCATION FRAMEWORK
1 Malaga University (SPAIN)
2 CEOS, ISCAP, Polytechnic of Porto (PORTUGAL)
About this paper:
Conference name: 15th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 7-9 November, 2022
Location: Seville, Spain
Abstract:The FC (Flipped Classroom) model have some advantages, like a greater student engagement or a greater adaptation to the pace of each student. The application of this pedagogical model will be now be extended in the current innovation project, with the use of different methodologies, like the use of SN (Social Networks) in HE (Higher Education), not only as a communication tool but also to answer questions about the subject, to carry out group work, to share materials, promoting teacher-student and student-student interactions.
The objective of this work is to improve the quality of the teaching-learning processes and to encourage motivation, thus achieving less dropout. For this purpose we are going to continue applying the FC adding, as a novelty, the use of SN, in different ways: as interactive and the effective tools for the development of the FC; to evaluate the different networks available; to encourage students to be an active part in their learning process, through the creation of content; to allow the transmission of knowledge and collaboration through SN, between students and student-teachers; and to evaluate the motivation and academic performance of students with the application of SN.
To develop the project, we propose the creation of focus groups with students in order to obtain information on the use of networks in their subjects; an extensive bibliographic review of the use of SN in HE; study of the different SN in order to know their main advantages and disadvantages in relation to their application to HE; train of the teaching staff in the use of the most important SN; define of experiences for the application of SN with the FC methodology; and a final satisfaction survey and evaluation of academic results of the students at the end of each of the subject.
As far as the creation of focus groups is concerned, prior to choosing the data analysis software, the interviews carried out will be coded and categorized taking into account the objectives of this project. In addition, a SWOT matrix will be developed to examine the weaknesses, threats, strengths and opportunities of the use of SN in conjunction with the FC in HE. The publication of the analysis of these data and the elaboration of the SWOT matrix would be a form of control and evaluation of the execution of one of the actions and/or objectives of the project. Finally, two focus groups will be held, one at the beginning of each subject and another at the end in order to be able to evaluate the efficiency of the actions carried out based on the results of the first study and propose improvement actions for successive occasions.
For the evaluation of the use of SN as a communication tool or as a method of working in or out class, an anonymous questionnaire will be passed, referring to the degree of satisfaction will be measured. In addition, the academic results, the levels of attendance and participation of the students in SN will be analysed in order to extract other quantitative results of the performance of the students after the application of this educational innovation project.
Through this project, we intend to help students feel committed, competent and learn to carry out their work with appropriate professional ethics. For this, we consider it interesting that this learning is also carried out with a gender perspective, where equity is an important basis in said process, but without this implying any type of positive discrimination based on gender.
Keywords: Flipped Classroom, Social Networks, Higher Education.