APPRENTICES’ SKILLS APPROACHES (STUDENTS WORKING IN COMPANIES) AND THEIR POSITIONING BETWEEN UNIVERSITY AND COMPANIES IN FRANCE
Université Paris Est Marne la Vallée (FRANCE)
About this paper:
Conference name: 9th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 14-16 November, 2016
Location: Seville, Spain
Abstract:The comparative analysis of skills initiatives in companies reveals the specific nature of the planned managerial practices and their effects on employee involvement (Reynaud). These new management practices correspond to a social win-win contract whom terms are often transcribed in business conventions and whose purpose is the development of the employability of the employee dedicated to an increase of productivity inside the company.
The approach of competence/skills itself was the subject of many theories concerning in particular the definition of competence in its individual and collective dimensions.
Our paper focuses on the specific case on apprentice student, in France young students with work contract with companies. Since 1977 France is developing this original way of learning. The aim is to link theory and practice, i.e. alternate corporate training and education theoretical periods at University or School. This articulation is managed by recognized organizations by the Regional Councils: the CFA (Apprenticeship Centre), in French Centre de Formations d’Apprentis.
Paris-Est Marne La Vallée University has made apprenticeship a preferred modality of its development in partnership with the CFA Descartes, with nearly 25% of its workforce with this statute (2,500 students), it is the first higher education institution in France for this type of approach. As much the apprentices as tutors, learning coupled with hybridization learners devices helped reaffirm the importance of mentors and apprentices in the organization. It revolves mostly through the introduction of new learning devices that the apprentice gain finally access to responsibilities and satisfy the search for autonomy.
In an action research approach we are in a perspective launched by F. Bernard for Information and Communication Sciences, articulating the four problematic of links (Interaction, relationships), meaning and knowledge for action.
We also plan to place ourselves in the perspective of experimental method of Communication Sciences by making different assumptions from surveys.Scientists experimental methods involve testing by repeated experiments, the validity of a hypothesis, combining quantitative method (statistics) and qualitative (content analysis).
This proposal of communication corresponds to a working paper formalizing the first step in the collaboration between the UPEM and the CFA Descartes.We plan to measure the perception of knowledge and skills acquired at 3 different levels (DUT, LP, Master) taking into account different variables (age, gender, employment status, working student with his digital dimension (CFA Descartes’ artifact e-Booklet mediator). In a constructivist approach, we will proceed starting from learning and professional practice situations by relying on the interactional semiotic approach of Alex Mucchielli integrating the emotions of apprentices’ students we also try to analyze the ability of these students to develop an entrepreneurship dynamic.
 Bernard F., « Les SIC une discipline de l’ouverture et du décloisonnement », in Bouzon A. dir., La communication organisationnelle en débat, Paris, L’Harmattan, 2006, pp. 33 – 46. Parlier M.
 Mucchielli A., « Introduction », in Alemanno–Parrini S.,Bachelard O., Bourret C. dir., Des méthodes au cœur des sciences de l’information et de la communication, Ed. Ovadia, Nice, 2010, pp. 17 – 52.
Keywords: Apprenticeship, Artifact mediator, e-booklet, Constructivist approach, Information and Communication Science.