About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 3712-3715
Publication year: 2012
ISBN: 978-84-616-0763-1
ISSN: 2340-1095

Conference name: 5th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 19-21 November, 2012
Location: Madrid, Spain

THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE TO SCIENCE TEACHING - A STUDY ON THE REPRODUCTION OF LIVING BEINGS

F. Silva1, I. Rodrigues2, A. Almeida3

1UTAD (PORTUGAL)
2UTAD/CEHFC - Centre of Studies for History and Philosophy of Science (PORTUGAL)
3Lisbon Higher School of Education/Center of Geology, University of Porto (PORTUGAL)
We believe that the incorporation of the History of Science in education can provide students with a better understanding of the mechanisms of production and reconstruction of knowledge and contribute to preparing scientifically educated citizens and allow them to be able to make decisions about social issues based on personal understanding of scientific and technological processes about the world they live in. According to some authors the initial training of teachers of Biology / Geology, has not significantly valued the using of the History of Science as a teaching tool.

This study has as main objectives to identify the level of knowledge of the sample students as far as the reproduction of living beings is concerned; to contribute to a better understanding of the scientific contents based on the History of Science and to develop materials and teaching strategies based on historical examples. The methodology used was Research – Action. The sample consisted of 18 students who attended the 11th form in a school in the municipality of Vila Real - Portugal in the academic year of 2011/12. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The data collected in the questionnaire (pre-test and post-test) were treated by qualitative content analysis and compared with those obtained in another class - pilot class. The data showed that there was a significant level of acquisition and understanding of knowledge concerning the reproduction of living beings when the History of Science was used.

The knowledge of the History of Science allows us to understand the processes through which scientific ideas have been built and developed and have culminated in the current state of science. These new perspectives present new challenges to science teachers and require new approaches to their training, if we really want it to be effective and to result in better learning by students. We therefore consider it necessary to create opportunities for future teachers to reflect on the possible uses of the History of Science in order to implement it in their teaching practice.

References:
DUARTE, C.: Lição de síntese – A História das Ciências e o Ensino das Ciências. Braga: Instituto de Educação e Psicologia-Universidade do Minho, 2003.
FITAS, A. J. S., RODRIGUES, M.A. e Numes, M. F.: A Filosofia da Ciência no Portugal do Século XX In Atas do 1º Congresso Luso-Brasileiro de História das Ciências e das Técnicas, Évora: Universidade de Évora, 2000.
Gavroglu. K. (2007). O passado das Ciências como História. Porto: Porto Editora
KRAGH, H.: Introdução à Historiografia da Ciência, Porto: Porto Editora, 2001.
RODRIGUES; I.: Amato Lusitano e as Problemáticas Sexuais – Algumas contribuições para uma nova perspetiva de análise das Centúrias de Curas Medicinais. Tese de Doutoramento defendida na Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro - UTAD. UTAD: Vila Real, 200o5
RODRIGUES, I. (2007). A História das Ciências e o Ensino das Ciências. Boltín das Ciências. Nº. 65, pp. 41-46. Santiago: ENCIGA - Associação dos Ensinantes de Ciências de Galicia
SARTON, G.: The Study to the History of Science. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1936.
@InProceedings{SILVA2012CON,
author = {Silva, F. and Rodrigues, I. and Almeida, A.},
title = {THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE TO SCIENCE TEACHING - A STUDY ON THE REPRODUCTION OF LIVING BEINGS},
series = {5th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2012 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-616-0763-1},
issn = {2340-1095},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Madrid, Spain},
month = {19-21 November, 2012},
year = {2012},
pages = {3712-3715}}
TY - CONF
AU - F. Silva AU - I. Rodrigues AU - A. Almeida
TI - THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE TO SCIENCE TEACHING - A STUDY ON THE REPRODUCTION OF LIVING BEINGS
SN - 978-84-616-0763-1/2340-1095
PY - 2012
Y1 - 19-21 November, 2012
CI - Madrid, Spain
JO - 5th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2012 Proceedings
SP - 3712
EP - 3715
ER -
F. Silva, I. Rodrigues, A. Almeida (2012) THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE TO SCIENCE TEACHING - A STUDY ON THE REPRODUCTION OF LIVING BEINGS, ICERI2012 Proceedings, pp. 3712-3715.
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