CREATING INSIGHT AMONG STUDENTS ON WORKING LIFE COMPETENCES THROUGH PROBLEM BASED LEARNING
Laurea University of Applied Sciences (FINLAND)
About this paper:
Conference name: 10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 16-18 November, 2017
Location: Seville, Spain
Abstract:Jobs and their content evolve with such a space that anticipation of future skills requirements is extremely challenging. Many formerly purely technical occupations are expected to show a new demand for creative and interpersonal skills. A wide range of occupations will require a higher degree of cognitive abilities, such as creativity, logical reasoning and problem sensitivity, as part of their core skill set. These skills belong to the category of so called Transversal Competences or Entrepreneurial Skills, typically considered as not specifically related to a particular job, task, academic discipline or area of knowledge but as skills that are needed in a wide variety of situations and work settings as well as for successfully adapting to changes and leading meaningful and productive lives.
The paper presents a study project that aimed at identifying transversal competences and entrepreneurial skills of nurses.
Qualitative interviews were used for interviewing employers. A framework on entrepreneurial skills (EntreComp Framework) was used for the interviews to help the informants and assure the quality of the interviews. The interviews were realized by nursing students as a part of their normal lesson at Laurea University of Applied Sciences.
The 15 informants were private, public and third sector organisations employing nurses in Southern Finland. Each interview was realized by two interviewers, one concentrating on the interview and the other assuring an audio-visual recording. In the interviews the students asked about the most and less essential working life competences for nurses and the incidence and easiness of detection of them among job applicants. The new competences nurses will need in the future were also asked among with the affecting factors.
The recordings were used for analysing the results. The analysis was done by the two teachers who prepared the students for the interviews. The students used the recordings for developing videos presenting working life options of nurses.
At the beginning of the study project the students familiarized themselves with entrepreneurship competences based on the chosen framework and discussed it´s meaning from a nurse’s perspective. The execution of the interviews was thoroughly planned in project workshops during the semester, where students e.g. planned and practiced how to make and edit a video-interview.
At the end of the study project all 15 video-interviews were presented in a seminar where students, lecturers of the study project, working life partners and V-Tours-project-team were invited.
The learning process enabled the students to get a deep insight into the vast opportunities offered to nurses and expectations of the employers regarding entrepreneurial skills. This eye opening learning model encouraged the students to identify their skills and promote them for recruitment by personal branding.
Keywords: Transversal competences, entrepreneurial skills, interpersonal skills, cognitive abilities, core skills, student centered teaching, nursing, personal branding.