THE MEDIATING ROLE OF RESILIENCE IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE FIVE-FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY ( FFM ) AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT
About this paper:
Appears in: ICERI2010 Proceedings
Publication year: 2010
Conference name: 3rd International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 15-17 November, 2010
Location: Madrid, Spain
Abstract: The five factor model (FFM) is one of the most well-known models of personality to examines the individual differences .Resilience refers to an idividual's ability to thrive despite adversity. The current study investigated the mediating role of resilience in the relationship between the Five-Factor Model of personality and academic achievement . Also this study examined the degree to which the dimensions from the Five-Factor Model of personality, influenced resilience and improved academic achievement. Participants were 400, girls( 212) and boys ( 188 ) , students aged 19-22 years were selected from Shiraz University. They completed the Goldberg's Personality traits Scale (1999) and Conor-Davidson's Resilience Scale (2003) (CD-RIS). Their average were used as an academic achievement. To examine reliability of measures, Cronbach alpha coefficient, and to determine validity, factor analysis were used. The path diagram of hypothetical model was tested by simultaneous regression analysis, according to steps recommended by Baron and Kenny(1986). Results showed that :
a) Extraversion, conscientiousness and openness to experience were positive predictors for resilience.
b) Conscientiousness, openness to experience and resilience were positive predictors for academic achievement.
c) Resilience was a mediator between personality traits and academic achievements.
d) Openness to experience between boys was better than girls and agreeableness between girls was better than boys.
Keywords: Resilience, Five-Factor Model of personality, academic achievement.