About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 6089-6097
Publication year: 2016
ISBN: 978-84-617-5895-1
ISSN: 2340-1095
doi: 10.21125/iceri.2016.0378

Conference name: 9th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 14-16 November, 2016
Location: Seville, Spain

THE EDGE OF EXPERTISE: TEST WRITERS THINK ALOUD

K. Salisbury

University of St Mark and St John (UNITED KINGDOM)
What does it mean to be an expert within a given field? This presentation gives an overview of a small-scale research study which explores this question through the prism of one very specific domain – listening test item writing in TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages). Considerable attention has been given by different researchers to outcomes - the ESOL tests themselves - but very little consideration has been given to process: how the tests are produced by item writers. This research uses frameworks frequently found in expertise studies (see, for example, Ericsson et al. 2006) and concurrent-verbalisation (think-aloud) data-gathering techniques (for example, Bowles, 2010) to illuminate processes involved in listening test item writing. It compares the way small groups of novice and experienced test writers undertake the same item-writing task. The findings indicate that, although expertise in test writing is highly individualised, a number of identifiable strategies and practices are associated with expert outcomes.

The presentation will summarise the ways in which the insights from this study have the potential to inform ESOL test-writer training and it will also make an introductory case for using concurrent verbalisation to shed light on the cognitive operations used by experts in many different domains.
@InProceedings{SALISBURY2016EDG,
author = {Salisbury, K.},
title = {THE EDGE OF EXPERTISE: TEST WRITERS THINK ALOUD},
series = {9th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2016 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-617-5895-1},
issn = {2340-1095},
doi = {10.21125/iceri.2016.0378},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2016.0378},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {14-16 November, 2016},
year = {2016},
pages = {6089-6097}}
TY - CONF
AU - K. Salisbury
TI - THE EDGE OF EXPERTISE: TEST WRITERS THINK ALOUD
SN - 978-84-617-5895-1/2340-1095
DO - 10.21125/iceri.2016.0378
PY - 2016
Y1 - 14-16 November, 2016
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 9th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2016 Proceedings
SP - 6089
EP - 6097
ER -
K. Salisbury (2016) THE EDGE OF EXPERTISE: TEST WRITERS THINK ALOUD, ICERI2016 Proceedings, pp. 6089-6097.
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