Kazan Federal University (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
About this paper:
Appears in: EDULEARN17 Proceedings
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 5707-5713
ISBN: 978-84-697-3777-4
ISSN: 2340-1117
doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2017.2296
Conference name: 9th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 3-5 July, 2017
Location: Barcelona, Spain
Maria Montessori was an educator who developed the method of teaching children which was named after her. Initially, she worked with mentally retarded children. She made a large number of exercises, sensor materials, causing the children's interest in learning. Later, her textbooks and toys began to spread around the world. The main idea of this teaching method is the personal development of a child. This system improves the child's abilities, increases self-sufficiency, as well as its comprehensive development in accordance with the physiological capabilities. Such approach in education, naturally has a positive effect on the health and education of the child. The value and significance of the Montessori Method has been described in details in the works of foreign scientists. Famous Russian researchers were also interested in this system.

The relevance of this study lies in the fact that the methods of education of children is widespread in educational system of Republic of Tatarstan in Russia. Every year a lot of institutions, childcare centers are appearing, which work on the Montessori method. Here we can say about preschool educational institutions. The number of parents who wants to give their child in such kindergarten is increasing every year. The basic principle of education is to play with toys. These researchers examined the application of some of the precepts of Maria Montessori in the family and nursery school.

The experimentation was held with preschool children aged 3-5 years in a kindergarten. The application of precepts and principles of education of this technique in a separate modern family was also reviewed. The authors of the research work carried out diagnosis and detailed analysis of the results. This technique is quite interesting and at the same time unique. Children raised in a Montessori environment are very confident, can solve everyday problems. Many of the exercises are aimed to develop fine motor skills. However, the emotional sphere remains untouched. Therefore, it is desirable for modern teachers to add their own methods for the full development of the child. In modern society, this method is very important. The main advantage of education is to reveal the personal qualities and talents of the child. Children become obedient, disciplined.
Montessori method, school, teacher, house, child, education, development.