About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 2910-2920
Publication year: 2018
ISBN: 978-84-09-05948-5
ISSN: 2340-1095
doi: 10.21125/iceri.2018.1648

Conference name: 11th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 12-14 November, 2018
Location: Seville, Spain

PROMOTING THE REDUCTION IN ONLINE ATTRITION RATES THEREBY INCREASING RETENTION RATES: A HOLISTIC E-PARADIGM IMPLEMENTING THE PEDAGOGICAL VARIATION MODEL

M.S. Rogers

The University of South Wales (UNITED KINGDOM)
Opportunities for both e-learners and e-teachers emerge when various significant transactional and transformational leadership strategies for e-learning and e-teaching are offered in an all-inclusive, holistic online environment. These are achievable by selecting the most appropriate approach for creating environments that are conducive in unleashing innovative ideas for problem-solving in the 21st Century.
Rogers (2013) contends that this approach successfully promotes the reduction in online attrition rates, thereby increasing retention rates. Two contrasting approaches, namely instructivist environments versus constructivist environments are considered in the research paper, recognising that an in-depth insight to pedagogical leadership for e-moderators, (i.e. online teachers) is paramount to successful e-learning. The absence of pedagogical leadership is noted by Garrison (2011): “the teacher’s scholarly leadership, a legitimate and important authoritative, essential teaching responsibility has been either ignored or downgraded, in online learning environments”, suggesting, thereby, that attrition rates should decrease with an increase of retention rates. Thus, Rogers (2013) addresses this gap in knowledge on pedagogical leadership in online teaching, by developing a model, the Pedagogical Variation Model (PVM) for online teachers, based on e-moderator leadership qualities (Rogers, 2004, 2005/2011) for teaching and learning in asynchronous discussion forums.

The PVM uses one Boston 2 x 2 Matrix format in an analysis to capture online teacher leadership strategies i.e. leadership variables as:
(i) transactional (i.e. task-giving) and
(ii) transformational (i.e. empowering) and another Boston 2 x 2 Matrix format for an analysis to capture online e-learner behaviour variables, namely
(i) collaborative (i.e. sharing and exchanging ideas) and
(ii) capacity for knowledge construction (i.e. creative thinking).

For a better understanding of not only learning styles of students but also for educators to explore new dimensions in their teaching, models are useful tools. This is the central aim in the evaluation of the PVM in a collaborative research project with the Faculty of Education, Kuwait University, directed by Dr. Fayiz Aldhafeeri. (2014). An online questionnaire (Rogers 2013), translated into Arabic, was distributed amongst under-graduates and post-graduates in The Faculty of Education. The responses were translated into English for analysis. This collaborative research revealed that whilst a constructivist learning environment (e-learner centred) was recognised by a minority of respondents, the majority of respondents from both samples under-graduate and post-graduate, preferred an instructivist e-moderator approach. Due to the samples being less than thirty respondents, whilst no generalisation of the results can be made nevertheless the outcome reveals that and instructivist (i.e. respect for teacher-centred learning) remains a preferred learning environment.

The research rationale is broached with insights into different pedagogical concepts that have shaped the research design, including:
(i) the paradoxical nature of two diametrically opposing pedagogies, namely instructivist (high teacher visibility) and constructivist (low teacher visibility) pedagogies, and
(ii) pedagogical leadership in asynchronous learning networks.
@InProceedings{ROGERS2018PRO,
author = {Rogers, M.S.},
title = {PROMOTING THE REDUCTION IN ONLINE ATTRITION RATES THEREBY INCREASING RETENTION RATES: A HOLISTIC E-PARADIGM IMPLEMENTING THE PEDAGOGICAL VARIATION MODEL},
series = {11th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2018 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-09-05948-5},
issn = {2340-1095},
doi = {10.21125/iceri.2018.1648},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2018.1648},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {12-14 November, 2018},
year = {2018},
pages = {2910-2920}}
TY - CONF
AU - M.S. Rogers
TI - PROMOTING THE REDUCTION IN ONLINE ATTRITION RATES THEREBY INCREASING RETENTION RATES: A HOLISTIC E-PARADIGM IMPLEMENTING THE PEDAGOGICAL VARIATION MODEL
SN - 978-84-09-05948-5/2340-1095
DO - 10.21125/iceri.2018.1648
PY - 2018
Y1 - 12-14 November, 2018
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 11th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2018 Proceedings
SP - 2910
EP - 2920
ER -
M.S. Rogers (2018) PROMOTING THE REDUCTION IN ONLINE ATTRITION RATES THEREBY INCREASING RETENTION RATES: A HOLISTIC E-PARADIGM IMPLEMENTING THE PEDAGOGICAL VARIATION MODEL, ICERI2018 Proceedings, pp. 2910-2920.
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