About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 1829-1836
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-697-6957-7
ISSN: 2340-1095
doi: 10.21125/iceri.2017.0566

Conference name: 10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 16-18 November, 2017
Location: Seville, Spain

THE PEDAGOGICAL VARIATION MODEL: ALL-INCLUSIVE, HOLISTIC E-PARADIGM TO PROMOTE REDUCTION IN ONLINE ATTRITION RATES, THEREBY INCREASING RETENTION RATES

M.S. Rogers

University of South Wales (UNITED KINGDOM)
When various significant transactional and transformational leadership strategies for e=learning and e-teaching are offered in an all-inclusive, holistic online environment, opportunities for both e-learners and e-teachers emerge to select the most appropriate approach for creating environments that are conducive in unleashing innovative ideas for problem-solving in the 21st Century. Arguably, this approach promotes the reduction in online attrition rates, thereby increasing retention rates. Two contrasting approaches, namely constructivist environments versus instructivist environments are considered in the research paper. Rogers (2013) recognised that an in-depth insight to pedagogical leadership for e-moderators, (i.e. online teachers) is paramount to successful e-learning. Garrison (2011) noted the absence of pedagogical leadership, since “the teacher’s scholarly leadership, a legitimate and important authoritative, essential teaching responsibility has been either ignored or downgraded, in online learning environments”, suggesting that attrition rates should decrease with an increase of retention rates Thus, the research problem addressed this gap in knowledge on pedagogical leadership in online teaching, by developing a model, the Pedagogical Variation Model (PVM) for online teachers, based on e-moderator leadership qualities (Rogers, 2004, 2005/2011) for teaching and learning in asynchronous discussion forums.

The PVM (Rogers 2013) uses one Boston 2 x 2 Matrix format in an analysis to capture online teacher leadership strategies namely leadership variables as:
(i) transactional (i.e. task-giving) and
(ii) transformational (i.e. empowering) Another Boston 2 x 2 Matrix format is used in an analysis to capture online e-learner behaviour variables, namely
(i) collaborative (i.e. sharing and exchanging ideas) and
(ii) capacity for knowledge construction (i.e. creative thinking).

Models are useful tools to better understand not only learning processed of students but also for educators to explore new dimensions in their teaching. This is the central aim in the evaluation of the PVM in a collaborative research project with the Faculty of Education, Kuwait University, directed by Dr. Fayiz Aldhafeeri. (2014). An online questionnaire (Rogers 2013), translated into Arabic, was distributed amongst under-graduates and post-graduates in The Faculty of Education. The responses were translated into English for analysis.

This collaborative research revealed that whilst a constructivist learning environment (e-learner centred) was recognised by a minority of respondents, the majority of respondents from both samples under-graduate and post-graduate, preferred an instructivist e-moderator approach. Whilst no generalisation of the results can be made due to the samples being less than thirty respondents, nevertheless the outcome reveals that and instructivist (i.e. respect for teacher-centred learning) remains a preferred learning environment. The research rationale is broached with insights into different pedagogical concepts that have shaped the research design, including:
(i) the paradoxical nature of two diametrically opposing pedagogies, namely instructivist (high teacher visibility) and constructivist (low teacher visibility) pedagogies, and
(ii) pedagogical leadership in asynchronous learning networks.
@InProceedings{ROGERS2017PED,
author = {Rogers, M.S.},
title = {THE PEDAGOGICAL VARIATION MODEL: ALL-INCLUSIVE, HOLISTIC E-PARADIGM TO PROMOTE REDUCTION IN ONLINE ATTRITION RATES, THEREBY INCREASING RETENTION RATES},
series = {10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2017 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-697-6957-7},
issn = {2340-1095},
doi = {10.21125/iceri.2017.0566},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2017.0566},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {16-18 November, 2017},
year = {2017},
pages = {1829-1836}}
TY - CONF
AU - M.S. Rogers
TI - THE PEDAGOGICAL VARIATION MODEL: ALL-INCLUSIVE, HOLISTIC E-PARADIGM TO PROMOTE REDUCTION IN ONLINE ATTRITION RATES, THEREBY INCREASING RETENTION RATES
SN - 978-84-697-6957-7/2340-1095
DO - 10.21125/iceri.2017.0566
PY - 2017
Y1 - 16-18 November, 2017
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2017 Proceedings
SP - 1829
EP - 1836
ER -
M.S. Rogers (2017) THE PEDAGOGICAL VARIATION MODEL: ALL-INCLUSIVE, HOLISTIC E-PARADIGM TO PROMOTE REDUCTION IN ONLINE ATTRITION RATES, THEREBY INCREASING RETENTION RATES, ICERI2017 Proceedings, pp. 1829-1836.
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