About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 357-364
Publication year: 2014
ISBN: 978-84-616-8412-0
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 10-12 March, 2014
Location: Valencia, Spain

LIVING IN VIRTUAL CLASSROOMS : TEACHERS IN ONLINE LEARNING

M.S. Rogers

University of South Wales (UNITED KINGDOM)
The research paper investigates online teaching and learning and in particular, the role of the ‘e-moderator’ as pedagogical leader in relation to e-learner capabilities. The research builds upon a number of existing models including that of Bass and Alvolio (1996), their ‘transactional/task-giving’ and ‘transformational/motivational’ behaviours, and applies these to e-moderator work. Secondly, a review of the research literature provides further concepts applicable to e-learner online behaviour - collaborative capability and knowledge construction ability. These are utilised to create a new model, the ‘model of Pedagogical Variation’, where online teaching is viewed as situational, and e-learners of varying degrees of capability can be given opportunities to maximise their online learning.

A hypothetico-deductive methodology, following the work of Karl Popper (2002), is adopted as the theoretical framework. The research sought to corroborate the proposed pedagogical model, which was successfully achieved with experienced e-moderator practitioners adapting Kelly’s (1955) personal construct psychology using the six elements: socialising, scaffolding, knowledge construction, weaving, summarising and archiving. In accordance with the hypothetico-deductive approach, an evaluation was then conducted with the objective of refuting the basic underlying assumptions of the Pedagogical Variation model. The model did withstand attempts at falsification, but is presented here as provisional, open to further scrutiny, testing and comparison.

Future research could be in the development of diagnostic tools for e-moderator evaluation of e-learner capabilities and on e-learner preferences regarding the selection of a particular online learning environment. It is suggested that effective online teaching is dependent not only on e-learner context but also on e-moderators’ pedagogical leadership. The model for Pedagogical Variation is an attempt to show how adaptations in design and delivery can be made in asynchronous learning networks in order to motivate and facilitate successful outcomes for e-learners, whether they are digital natives or digital immigrants (Prensky, 2001). Online course providers and developers may also use the Pedagogical Variation model as a blueprint for exploring creative ways of implementing new emerging learning technologies fit for the 21st Century.
@InProceedings{ROGERS2014LIV,
author = {Rogers, M.S.},
title = {LIVING IN VIRTUAL CLASSROOMS : TEACHERS IN ONLINE LEARNING},
series = {8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2014 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-616-8412-0},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {10-12 March, 2014},
year = {2014},
pages = {357-364}}
TY - CONF
AU - M.S. Rogers
TI - LIVING IN VIRTUAL CLASSROOMS : TEACHERS IN ONLINE LEARNING
SN - 978-84-616-8412-0/2340-1079
PY - 2014
Y1 - 10-12 March, 2014
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2014 Proceedings
SP - 357
EP - 364
ER -
M.S. Rogers (2014) LIVING IN VIRTUAL CLASSROOMS : TEACHERS IN ONLINE LEARNING, INTED2014 Proceedings, pp. 357-364.
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