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Appears in:
Pages: 6934-6942
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-617-8491-2
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2017.1607

Conference name: 11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 6-8 March, 2017
Location: Valencia, Spain

THE LEADERSHIP COMPETENCE IN NURSING STUDIES: A PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS FACTOR ANALYSIS

N. Rodríguez Ávila, C. Riera Prunera

Universitat de Barcelona (SPAIN)
Jobs are increasingly marked by the empowerment of competencies in a way that allows organizations to face the challenges and innovative projects presented to them, as well as addressing problem solving in the best possible way. In this sense, one of the competencies that plays a major role is leadership. In this paper we want to analyse how nursing students at the University of Barcelona perceive and acquire the leadership capacity, since it is fundamental to influence a group and to achieve the required goals. In the specific case of the nursing profession, which is strongly influenced by the organizational changes of the Health Systems, the management of nursing services is considered to be one of the most relevant aspects in the health organization chart (CODEM, 2016).

The population of study comprised the nursing degree students during the academic year 2012-2013 at the University of Barcelona. The sampling technique selected was a non-probabilistic sampling for convenience, also known as incidental sampling (Buendía, 1994). This technique is chosen given the accessibility and proximity of the sampling subjects (i.e. students attending class on the day the questionnaire was provided).

The questionnaire used in this study consists of 70 questions covering all basic and specific competences acquired in the learning process, as well as the student’s attitude towards the learning process, as it is explained in the Tuning project. Nevertheless, we have adapted it to the nursing degree. Questions are grouped into four blocks. The first corresponds to sociodemographic aspects, the second has to do with the assessment of skills, the third includes the acquisition of transversal competences such as leadership capacity, problem solving ability or teamwork. Finally, the fourth block refers to attitudes when it comes to studying. The variables studied were measured on a Likert scale from 1 to 4, where 4 indicates a high degree of acquisition. The Cronbach's alpha value for questionnaire reliability is 0.925, showing, therefore, high reliability. The number of participants was 171.

In the study we used a multivariate analysis and a multinomial regression to explore the results. The multivariate analysis allows us to reduce the dimensionality of the variables under study. More specifically, the factor analysis using principal components allowed us to identify 4 factors that summarize and group the 20 variables studied; namely (from more to less weight): training for professionalization, self-employment, critical capacity and team decision-making.

Secondly, a Multinomial Regression has been elaborated using the factorial scores to analyse in depth the leadership aspect. In particular, it has been found that all four factors exert a positive influence when moving from a null leadership capacity to a medium capacity, whereas in the transition from a null leadership capacity to a high one only the last three factors seem to have some influence.
@InProceedings{RODRIGUEZAVILA2017LEA,
author = {Rodr{\'{i}}guez {\'{A}}vila, N. and Riera Prunera, C.},
title = {THE LEADERSHIP COMPETENCE IN NURSING STUDIES: A PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS FACTOR ANALYSIS},
series = {11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2017 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-617-8491-2},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2017.1607},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2017.1607},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {6-8 March, 2017},
year = {2017},
pages = {6934-6942}}
TY - CONF
AU - N. Rodríguez Ávila AU - C. Riera Prunera
TI - THE LEADERSHIP COMPETENCE IN NURSING STUDIES: A PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS FACTOR ANALYSIS
SN - 978-84-617-8491-2/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2017.1607
PY - 2017
Y1 - 6-8 March, 2017
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2017 Proceedings
SP - 6934
EP - 6942
ER -
N. Rodríguez Ávila, C. Riera Prunera (2017) THE LEADERSHIP COMPETENCE IN NURSING STUDIES: A PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS FACTOR ANALYSIS, INTED2017 Proceedings, pp. 6934-6942.
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