A.A. Rodriguez

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Formación del Profesorado y Educación (SPAIN)
Practices of teachers in all specialties are intended to provide a first connection with the school, classes, tutors and students. Through these experiences in schools, college students get a personal and professional development during the teaching-learning process. The Practicum is a subject which is organized through the supervision between Universities and schools. The objective of this study is to analyze the differences of opinions for or against the development and training of practicum among respondents as a function of the specialty of teaching, as well as assess the usefulness, advantages and disadvantages obtained through this practical action, to be able to perform a proper job as teacher within the educational community especially in "the process of developing teaching and learning. The conclusions show there are different opinions among preschool teacher and primary education teachers on "practicum". Early childhood education teachers analyze this teaching experience, like something interesting, productive, useful, they have linked the theory taught in the University with practice, they consider that they have been connected with the professional reality. The teachers of primary school in the process of practices have not received training in accordance with the educational reality, they have felt less accepted by tutors, sometimes separated from the functions of the practice and were not fully integrated into the educational activity. Another outstanding results in this study is that there are differences between the estimates made by the respondents in relation to "the utility, advantages and disadvantages" in relation to the knowledge acquired in the "practicum" for the development of the teaching in the classroom according to the specialty of teaching.. In general, there a high degree of satisfaction of the practices. There are more positives than negatives. However, indicates that we must continue strengthening this subject "practicum", from the University to enable students to develop a good level of instrumental, systemic and interpersonal skills related to reality socio-educational( observation, analysis, reflection, evaluation of the educational, action and participation of teaching).