About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 7959-7967
Publication year: 2018
ISBN: 978-84-697-9480-7
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2018.1908

Conference name: 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 5-7 March, 2018
Location: Valencia, Spain

FACTORS THAT INHIBIT OR PROMOTE THE INTEGRATION OF ICT IN EDUCATION

P. Quadros-Flores1, A. Flores2, A. Ramos3

1Politécnico do Porto, Escola Superior de Educação do Porto (PORTUGAL)
2Politécnico do Porto (PORTUGAL)
3Universidade do Minho (PORTUGAL)
The integration of digital technologies in education stimulates methodological changes with an impact on the ways of teaching to learn and learning to learn and, therefore, requires up-to-date digital resources available for innovative educational practices. In general, there have been projects that equipped Portuguese schools, but without concern for teacher training and, therefore, it is crucial to understand if the inclusion of these resources in the current educational environment promotes innovative practices or if there are still obstacles preventing change and the development of a student profile for the 21st Century (Oliveira-Martins, 2017). The purpose of this study is to understand if the current reality still hinders change in education, or facilitates this change by making available a digital technological educational environment that supports innovative and dynamic practices that prepare students for the reality in which they live in. We also want to know if a classroom equipped for the frequent and effective use of ICT is enough and what makes teachers include digital technological resources in their educational practices.

In this context, an exploratory quantitative and qualitative study was chosen. Data collection was carried out by open and closed questionnaire surveys. As for the analysis, in the first phase, three open questions were analyzed in 14 questionnaires applied to trainees in public elementary schools (1st cycle of basic education), and two open questions in five questionnaires applied to cooperating teachers, guiding these students to teach in the same schools. In the second phase, three closed questions were analyzed in a questionnaire applied to approximately 1200 teachers in the metropolitan area of Porto.

Trough the analysis of the results obtained in both phases mentioned above it was possible to identify four categories related to the obstacles that currently exist in primary schools and that negatively influence the teaching and learning process. It was not surprising that the existence of digital technological resources in the educational context is not sufficient, since there are other factors that inhibit or promote the use of ICT. The obstacles which inhibit the frequency of use impose measures within the context of teacher training, including a reflection on the course syllabus.

The factors that promote the use of ICT focus mainly on three categories. It was possible to verify that the success of the integration depends on:
a) the articulation of aligned projects that involve the availability of various technological resources, namely computers and wireless networks;
b) the context of the educational community;
c) the training of children, the technical and pedagogical training of teachers and their creative capacity in the construction of strategies and didactic resources as well as their vision of education.
@InProceedings{QUADROSFLORES2018FAC,
author = {Quadros-Flores, P. and Flores, A. and Ramos, A.},
title = {FACTORS THAT INHIBIT OR PROMOTE THE INTEGRATION OF ICT IN EDUCATION},
series = {12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2018 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-697-9480-7},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2018.1908},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2018.1908},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {5-7 March, 2018},
year = {2018},
pages = {7959-7967}}
TY - CONF
AU - P. Quadros-Flores AU - A. Flores AU - A. Ramos
TI - FACTORS THAT INHIBIT OR PROMOTE THE INTEGRATION OF ICT IN EDUCATION
SN - 978-84-697-9480-7/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2018.1908
PY - 2018
Y1 - 5-7 March, 2018
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2018 Proceedings
SP - 7959
EP - 7967
ER -
P. Quadros-Flores, A. Flores, A. Ramos (2018) FACTORS THAT INHIBIT OR PROMOTE THE INTEGRATION OF ICT IN EDUCATION, INTED2018 Proceedings, pp. 7959-7967.
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