WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE, SOCIAL SKILLS AND BIG FIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS: IMPROVING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ LEARNING
Universidad Alicante (SPAIN)
About this paper:
Appears in: EDULEARN14 Proceedings
Publication year: 2014
Conference name: 6th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 7-9 July, 2014
Location: Barcelona, Spain
Abstract:Emotional intelligence, Big Five personality traits and social skills were studied in relation to academic performance. Primary education teaching students and Social work students (N = 121) were assessed in Emotional Intelligence, Personality traits, social skills and academic achievement. Path analyses indicated that the contribution of personality on academic performance was mediated by socio-emotional mechanisms.
In fact, the results suggested that:
(a) students who exhibited higher Neuroticism and Extraversion scores had lower academic performance
(b) students who had higher Openness/Intellect scores exhibited higher academic performance.
To clarify the mixed results of previous studies concerning the impact of neuroticism, we suggest a moderating role of social skills. Finally, this study showed that Emotional intelligence and, concretely, the ability to perceive emotions revealed a negative indirect effect on academic achievement. The implications of these results for the incorporation emotional competencies into the university curriculum are discussed.
Keywords: Emotional intelligence, social skills, personality, higher education, academic performance.