About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 4058-4065
Publication year: 2016
ISBN: 978-84-608-5617-7
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2016.1988

Conference name: 10th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-9 March, 2016
Location: Valencia, Spain

USING SCRATCH SOFTWARE WITH STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS IN TEACHING NATURAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS

F. Pinto1, C. Elias2, A. Barbot3, A. Pinto3, D. Mascarenhas3, M. Santos3

1Infante D. Henrique Elementary School (PORTUGAL)
2Agrela e Vale do Leça Elementary School (PORTUGAL)
3School of Education - Polytechnic Institute of Porto (PORTUGAL)
This study aims to contribute to the overall development of children with Special Educational Needs (SEN), particularly in classes on Natural Sciences and Mathematics, and to design a teaching resource supported by Information and Communication Technology (ICT) that is suitable for classroom by students with SEN.

It is essential to use ICT as a teaching tool that can overcome barriers to student learning, and that provides an interactive environment, involvement and motivation in the process of teaching and learning by students with SEN (Ribeiro, 2011). Sparrowhawk & Heald (2007) consider that ICT are very important to the process of teaching and learning of students with SEN, to the extent that it promotes motivation, improves performance, increases expectations, provides alternatives, promotes engagement with the real world and facilitates the monitoring by the teacher. Also Correia (2003) sees advantages in using ICT with SEN students, since its use can improve the performance efficiency of these students in tasks, reducing disabilities and disadvantages and increasing their academic and social integration.

Scratch (2007) is a project of the Lifelong Kindergarten Group at the MIT Media Lab and it is available online. Scratch allows to program stories, games and interactive animations, and share creations online. Using sound, animations, image and text, among others, allows students to stay more alert and motivated.

This work is based on two case studies carried out by two different teachers in their classroom during the current school year. The participants in each case study were:
(i) three 4th grade students with Dyslexia diagnosis;
(ii) three students (two were in the 6th grade and one in the 9th grade) with Intellectual Incapacity diagnosis.

There were designed and implemented activities using Scratch software, namely about “The importance of water for living beings” and “Pollution and Recycling”. The study was guided by the following research questions (IQ):
QI1: Is Using Scratch suitable and feasible in the daily work of students with SEN?
QI2: To what extent can Scratch contribute to a better involvement of students with SEN in the suggested tasks?

Data was collected through the analysis of the students Individual Educational Programs, an interview with the Special Needs teacher, audio recording, photographs, tasks and notations made by the investigating teacher. The data analysis was mainly qualitative.

Results revealed how students interacted with Scratch and showed that using this programming language can engage students with SEN in the process of learning.

The data collected in this study sustains the idea that it’s possible to work with the educational software Scratch with students with Special Educational Needs. It enabled a higher level of participation and students autonomy when carrying tasks related to Natural Sciences and Mathematics curricular topics.

References:
[1] Correia, L.M. (2013). Inclusão e Necessidades Educativas Especiais – um guia para educadores e professores. Porto: Porto Editora.
[2] Ribeiro, J. (2012). As TIC na Educação de Alunos com Necessidades Educativas Especiais: proposta de um Programa de Formação para o Ensino Básico. Doctoral dissertation. Aveiro: Universidade de Aveiro.
[3] Scratch [Computer software]. (2007). Retrieved from https://scratch.mit.edu/
[4] Sparrowhawk, A., & Heald, Y. (2007). How to use ICT to support children with Special Education Needs. Cambridge: LDA.
@InProceedings{PINTO2016USI,
author = {Pinto, F. and Elias, C. and Barbot, A. and Pinto, A. and Mascarenhas, D. and Santos, M.},
title = {USING SCRATCH SOFTWARE WITH STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS IN TEACHING NATURAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS},
series = {10th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2016 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-608-5617-7},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2016.1988},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2016.1988},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {7-9 March, 2016},
year = {2016},
pages = {4058-4065}}
TY - CONF
AU - F. Pinto AU - C. Elias AU - A. Barbot AU - A. Pinto AU - D. Mascarenhas AU - M. Santos
TI - USING SCRATCH SOFTWARE WITH STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS IN TEACHING NATURAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS
SN - 978-84-608-5617-7/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2016.1988
PY - 2016
Y1 - 7-9 March, 2016
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 10th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2016 Proceedings
SP - 4058
EP - 4065
ER -
F. Pinto, C. Elias, A. Barbot, A. Pinto, D. Mascarenhas, M. Santos (2016) USING SCRATCH SOFTWARE WITH STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS IN TEACHING NATURAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS, INTED2016 Proceedings, pp. 4058-4065.
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