1 University of Minho (PORTUGAL)
2 University of Évora (PORTUGAL)
3 ISLA Campus Lisboa (PORTUGAL)
4 University of Lisbon (PORTUGAL)
5 Schoool Santa Isabel, Estremoz (PORTUGAL)
About this paper:
Appears in: INTED2012 Proceedings
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 6703-6709
ISBN: 978-84-615-5563-5
ISSN: 2340-1079
Conference name: 6th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 5-7 March, 2012
Location: Valencia, Spain
Social competence can be defined as the ability to select and implement the appropriate cognitive and behavioural resources to deal with the challenges of specific social situations. (Candeias, 2008). Career development is an example of a social-relational process (Blustein, 2011) which requires the referred competence. Nevertheless, there are few theoretical and empirical studies concerning the understanding of social skills in the realm of career development of young adolescents. In this sense, this study aims to present and discuss adolescents’ perceptions about their social competence to deal with career issues. Participants were 1080 adolescents, 548 girls (50.7%) and 532 boys (49.3%), aged 11 to 25 years old (µ=14.76±1.85), attending the 8th (N=548), 10th (N=279), and 11th (N=253) grades, at elementary and secondary schools, in the northern, central and southern Portugal. These participants fulfilled the Perceived Social Competence in Career Scale (PSC-Car; Candeias, 2008, adapt. by Araújo, Taveira, & Candeias, 2009) which consists of eight subscales: six subscales concern hypothetical social situations related to career, and two other subscales concern poor and excellent performance in those social situations. PSC-Car was administered in two different assessment moments, with an intermission of six months. No statistical significant differences were found between the three groups of adolescents (8th, 10th and 11th graders), at pre-test, as well as, at post-test. A statistically significant reduction in perceived poor performance was registered, when compared the pre-test and post-test results of 8th graders, and also the pre-test and post-test results of 11th graders. Implications are drawn to the development of future career interventions that promote social competence.
Social competence, career, career development, adolescents.