A PROPOSAL OF A METHODOLOGY IN RESEARCH FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE SOCARRAT
The theme developed in this project is the result of an experience in the fourth year of Compulsory Secondary Education. The introduction to the methodology of research for students of compulsory education is vital in education. In order to interest students in this discipline we have sought out a subject that allow us to study different subject areas and find it close and inviting.
The Project about the study of socarrat (a ceramic technology from the Valencian seventeenth century) was proposed by the teacher and quickly accepted by the student team.
The reasons that led us to investigate this topic have been:
• The curiosity to discover what "hiding" the curious name. Socarrat in Valencian means "scorched"
• The possibility of developing such a broad topic in different academic areas: Chemicals, Historical, Artistic, Technological ...
• The ability to investigate, to schedule tasks and learn how to present written work, learning new vocabulary and expressions.
• Relate the geographical and historical, physical and chemical properties of materials, and artistic representations of Valencia.
• Develop a team effort with which we have felt very integrated and we've learned to work in groups taking responsibility as a group and as individuals.
The phases of the methodology followed in this experience have been:
• Previous introduction about the topic.
• Blibiographical research in libraries and online.
• Visit a museum of Ceramic
• Decision of the aspects to be developed. Distribution of tasks for each participant.
• Sharing. fortnightly meetings. At this stage we decide the points that will be exposed in the project and how.
• Searching and selecting images of ancient socarrats.
• Socarrats sketches and redesigns
• Study the technique of modeling clay.
• Mixing the mud. Shaped of ceramic pieces.
• Dried and decorated with redesigns of socarrats
• Fired in an electric kiln.
• Drafting the project following the rules set.
• Summary and conclusions.
• Power Point Presentation format.
The complexity of this research project has been a major challenge for the number of concepts and actions that our students have had to learn. The ability to understand and appreciate the richness of their cultural and artistic history of their roots has helped them to enrich as citizens and the fact of developing teamwork has improved them as people.
Finally, the scientific approach to the project, we had to act with a clear methodology from the beginning, forcing in a way to raise a working hypothesis, to organize and act logically in each of the phases.
This paper discusses how our research model may be use by young students in secondary schools