A PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING AND KNOWLEDGE BUILDING METHOD TO LEARN BASIC THEORICAL CONCEPT

V. Perez-Cabezas1, J.A. Moral-Muñoz1, C. Ruiz-Molinero1, B. Nuñez-Moraleda2

1University of Cadiz, Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy (SPAIN)
2University of Cadiz, Department of Computer Science (SPAIN)
Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is one of the most efficient method to face real problems. It has been applied in medicine learning in more than 120 medical schools all around the world. On the other hand, Collaborative Knowledge Building (CKB) is another method used by the students to build their own concepts.

In accordance with the aforementioned, the main aim of this work is to use a hybrid method between Collaborative Knowledge Building and Problem-Based Learning put into action in Basic computer science subject in the degrees in Physiotherapy and Medicine at University of Cadiz (Spain) during the period 2013-2016. The Problem-Based Learning advantage about develop social aspects of learning through discussion was used. Furthermore, students used the Collaborative Knowledge Building to ask question, construct explanations and share and support classmates the definition of basic concepts. This task was marked according to the results obtained in this class.

In order to obtain the student satisfaction, a survey was performed. It was filled in the subject finals and consisted on several questions about the method goodness, taking into account if students prefer a master class or a methodological class, if they consider more activities could be done in this methodological class and if methodological class lead to learn the theoretical concept more easily (this last topic was reviewed with some questions added to the finals in relation with the class performed).

In conclusion, an increase in the success rate of students is observed; as well as the impressions obtained from the final surveys, giving an acceptable rate and in some cases some advises to upgrade the method. Students provided in the surveys opinions to upgrade the methods, in order to improve the following class sessions.