EVALUATION OF STUDENT DROPOUT RATE AND REASONS DURING THE STUDY
Latvia University of Agriculture (LATVIA)
About this paper:
Conference name: 11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 6-8 March, 2017
Location: Valencia, Spain
Abstract:In EU countries there are different definitions of study success. The students’ dropout rate and reduction of the rate during study, including the time period when student complete their study programme are few definition of study success. According to the Latvia strategic policy the number of enrolled student and the number of graduated students is the criteria of evaluation of Higher education institutions; therefore the students’ dropout should be reducing. The evaluation of students’ dropout reasons help to monitor the situation and to find ways targeting students more effectively.
The aim of this study is the evaluation of student dropout reasons and student dropout rate in information technology (IT) study programs at Latvia University of Agriculture using data of two study periods.
The results show that 64 – 65 % of the students’ dropout during the study period. 47% of students initiated study contract cancelation at IT faculty, due the inability to complete study program curriculum. Only 5 % of students cancelled contract based on financial reasons. One of the typical reasons on students’ inability to follow the study program curriculum is early application for job position at IT companies which at first results in decline in study performance and later in contract cancelation with the faculty. 10 % - 15% of students, who show high study performance receiving on average higher than 8 points in 10 point system, receive financial support by institution as scholarship. This scholarship typically enforces students’ dedication to study process without seeking extra income during first years of studies.
Highest students dropout rate is during first study year. As a response faculty integrate additional study courses, implement mentoring programme and position of student curator, having closer collaboration with student self-government and performing profiling of students.
Keywords: Education, IT study, dropout rate, dropout reasons.