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Appears in:
Pages: 6456-6461
Publication year: 2011
ISBN: 978-84-614-7423-3
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-9 March, 2011
Location: Valencia, Spain

DETECTION OF ATTENTION–DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER IN ADOLESCENTS IN THE REGION OF “LA MANCHUELA” (ALBACETE- CUENCA)

M.J. Pascual Faus1, J. Torres Pujol1, J. Martínez Raga2, M.I. Martínez Martínez1, L. Moreno Royo1, J. Torres Merino3

1Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera (SPAIN)
2Unidad de Conductas Adictivas de Gandía, Agencia Valenciana de Salut, Valencia (SPAIN)
3Colegio Oficial de Farmacéuticos de Albacete (SPAIN)
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by symptoms in three major domains: hyperactivity, attentional problems, and impulsivity. In addition, learning disabilities, low school performance, conduct disorder and difficulties in the interaction with their school-mates are common comorbid problems. Furthermore, ADHD is a well-established risk factor for the development of a substance use disorder. It is one the most common neurobiological chronic childhood disorder. The treatment should include psychopharmacological and/or psychological treatments.
Identification of ADHD has proved to be important, considering that following a correct diagnosis, the affected individual can achieve a better quality of life and overall functioning. In this context pharmacists can play an important role, particularly in conducting prevention and health education activities, which could be of great relevance in modifying problem behaviours, knowledge and attitudes in the general population.
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the rates of ADHD in adolescents from ten different high-schools in the region of “La Manchuela”- located between Albacete and Cuenca, in the South-East of Spain – during their second year of Compulsory Secondary Education.
As part of a 4-year follow-up screening and intervention study, we conducted a cross-sectional assessment with 682 adolescents in the second-year of secondary education. Screening of ADHD was conducted with the ASRS v1.1 Questionnaire in its complete, 18-items, version. This self-administered instrument developed by WHO investigators and translated and validated into Spanish allows detection of symptoms of ADHD.
A total of 682 students 51% girls and 49% boys, with an average age of 13.3 years participated in the study. Once the ASRS v1.1 test was completed, 10%, that is 69 adolescents, of the sample (52% of females and 48% of males), screened positive for ADHD,. Among the ADHD positive sample, 92.8% of students were of Spanish origin, 4.3% Romanian, and a 1.4% of Bulgarian and Ecuadorian origin, respectively. When focussing solely on those students of non-Spanish origin, of the remaining 51 students 33% were of Romanian background, 29.4% from Ecuador, 9.8% from Colombia, whilst 7.8% came from Bulgaria and Morocco, 3.9% from Argentina and Ukraine and finally 2% originated from Brazil and France. Of these 51 adolescents, we also found that a 10% of them scored positive for ADHD.
In conclusion, the rates of possible cases of ADHD in the area of “La Manchuela” is to that reported in specialized literature in other settings.
keywords: adhd.
@InProceedings{PASCUALFAUS2011DET,
author = {Pascual Faus, M.J. and Torres Pujol, J. and Mart{\'{i}}nez Raga, J. and Mart{\'{i}}nez Mart{\'{i}}nez, M.I. and Moreno Royo, L. and Torres Merino, J.},
title = {DETECTION OF ATTENTION–DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER IN ADOLESCENTS IN THE REGION OF “LA MANCHUELA” (ALBACETE- CUENCA)},
series = {5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2011 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-614-7423-3},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {7-9 March, 2011},
year = {2011},
pages = {6456-6461}}
TY - CONF
AU - M.J. Pascual Faus AU - J. Torres Pujol AU - J. Martínez Raga AU - M.I. Martínez Martínez AU - L. Moreno Royo AU - J. Torres Merino
TI - DETECTION OF ATTENTION–DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER IN ADOLESCENTS IN THE REGION OF “LA MANCHUELA” (ALBACETE- CUENCA)
SN - 978-84-614-7423-3/2340-1079
PY - 2011
Y1 - 7-9 March, 2011
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2011 Proceedings
SP - 6456
EP - 6461
ER -
M.J. Pascual Faus, J. Torres Pujol, J. Martínez Raga, M.I. Martínez Martínez, L. Moreno Royo, J. Torres Merino (2011) DETECTION OF ATTENTION–DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER IN ADOLESCENTS IN THE REGION OF “LA MANCHUELA” (ALBACETE- CUENCA), INTED2011 Proceedings, pp. 6456-6461.
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