About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 1059-1065
Publication year: 2010
ISBN: 978-84-614-2439-9
ISSN: 2340-1095

Conference name: 3rd International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 15-17 November, 2010
Location: Madrid, Spain

DO ADMISSION TESTS PREDICT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS? A LONGITUDINAL STUDY

J. Ortiz-Díaz, P. Gonzalez-Montalvo, R. Esperón-Hernández

Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan (MEXICO)
BACKGROUND: The National Exam for Admission to Higher Education (EXANI-II) is a tool widely used in Universities in Mexico as a standardized admission test. Nevertheless, there is no published evidence establishing whether this test correlates with or predicts academic performance of medical students. EXANI-II has been used since 2003 to select students admitted to the School of Medicine, University of Yucatan.

METHOD: We studied the 2003-2008 cohort, which was the first generation of students selected with EXANI-II. Pearson test and linear regression were obtained, considering performance (grades) on EXANI-II (Independent variable), basic sciences and clinical sciences (Dependent variables).

RESULTS: A total of 94 students were included. EXANI-II had a medium Pearson correlation, both with basic (r= 0.453, p<0.001) and clinical sciences(r=0.367, p<0.001), accounting for 20.6% and 13.5% of the variance. Among specific areas of EXANI-II, Nature sciences was the only one who showed medium correlation both with basic and clinical sciences (r=0.385, p< 0.001, and r=0.313, p=0.002). English showed small correlation only with clinical sciences (r= 0.267, p=0.009). Other areas evaluated attained r values above 0.10, but p values were not significant. Interpretation of the magnitude of the effect size for linear correlations is based on Cohen's suggestions that an r of 0.10 be considered small, an r of 0.30 as medium, and an r of 0.50 as large.

CONCLUSIONS: EXANI-II as a whole has a medium correlation with academic performance both in basic and clinical sciences. This data is similar to those obtained in studies in Canada and Spain. When specific areas of EXANI-II are considered, only Nature sciences and English correlate significantly with academic performance. A higher correlation with Nature sciences has also been described for the Medical College Admission Test. EXANI-II appears to be a reasonably good predictor for academic performance in our context.

@InProceedings{ORTIZDIAZ2010DOA,
author = {Ortiz-D{\'{i}}az, J. and Gonzalez-Montalvo, P. and Esper{\'{o}}n-Hern{\'{a}}ndez, R.},
title = {DO ADMISSION TESTS PREDICT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS? A LONGITUDINAL STUDY},
series = {3rd International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2010 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-614-2439-9},
issn = {2340-1095},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Madrid, Spain},
month = {15-17 November, 2010},
year = {2010},
pages = {1059-1065}}
TY - CONF
AU - J. Ortiz-Díaz AU - P. Gonzalez-Montalvo AU - R. Esperón-Hernández
TI - DO ADMISSION TESTS PREDICT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS? A LONGITUDINAL STUDY
SN - 978-84-614-2439-9/2340-1095
PY - 2010
Y1 - 15-17 November, 2010
CI - Madrid, Spain
JO - 3rd International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2010 Proceedings
SP - 1059
EP - 1065
ER -
J. Ortiz-Díaz, P. Gonzalez-Montalvo, R. Esperón-Hernández (2010) DO ADMISSION TESTS PREDICT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS? A LONGITUDINAL STUDY, ICERI2010 Proceedings, pp. 1059-1065.
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