VIDEO AND ONLINE LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION: A BIBLIOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE OPEN ACCESS SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION, THROUGH WEB OF SCIENCE
The art of cinema emerged 123 years ago and the golden age of Educational Cinema was the 1960s and 1970s. During the 1980s, it saw some flourishing with portable video technologies. But, the advent of the personal computer, the multimedia, the Internet made it disappear. With YouTube, in 2005, the educational audiovisual resurrected.
Online learning emerged in late 1990 and was coined as e-learning, in 2001, by the European Commission in its Official Journal. In 1999, the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) came out with the OCW (OpenCourseWare) project. In 2004, it adopts the Creative Commons license and opts for an open model called Open Educational Resources (OER).
Following the experience of Stephen Downes and George Siemens with the Connectivism and Connective Knowledge/2008 course, the acronym MOOC (Massive Online Open Courses) emerges. That is, MOOCs appear, in the higher education universe, as a natural development of the OCW concept. 2012 it became known as 'the year of the MOOC' and MOOC videos dominate the presentation of content.
We are interested in listing and problematizing the place of the video (educational audiovisual and educational cinema) in its intersection with online learning (MOOC-Massive Open Online Courses and EAD) in the universe of university education. What research was produced in contemporaneity about the educational video at this intersection? How many publications have been made, what type and geographical origin of the investigations reported?
We used the Web of Science database. Using Advanced Search we limit the universe of data to the subject (SU) "Education and Educational Research". Within this, we define as "TS" topics "video", "higher education", "MOOC" and "distance learning" and we carry out the following research combining the topics:
(1) "online learning AND higher education AND video";
(2) "online learning AND higher education AND video AND MOOC"; and
(3) "online learning AND higher education AND video AND distance learning".
We considered results: between 2007 and 2017, in English, in Open Access, all types of publication, and the geographical origin of the authors.
In the survey carried out a total of 101 results were found, after refining, for the survey:
(1) 73 results; for research
(2) 8 results; and for research
(3) 20 results.
The publications are more numerous from 2014, coinciding with a greater investment in OpenCourseWare (OCW). Articles in journals predominate, with a significant difference from any other publication. Results are distributed all over the planet. Stands out the importance of distance education, relevant topic between 2010 and 2015 seeing its importance reinforced in 2017. Europe and the US lead in publications.