About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 3927-3934
Publication year: 2011
ISBN: 978-84-614-7423-3
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-9 March, 2011
Location: Valencia, Spain

SCRATCH PROGRAMMING: THE PROMOTION OF SPONTANEOUS SOCIAL PLAYING IN KINDERGARTEN

A.P. Oliveira, M.C. Lopes

University of Aveiro (PORTUGAL)
Scratch¹ is a ludicity artifact that engages children in active participation where they learn to problem-solve, create and recreate projects by the social playing. Children are therefore able to learn how to think creatively, to express themselves clearly, to analyze systematically, to be fluent in the use of Information Technology programming – which is an important contribute towards literacy in the 21st Century – to build iterative development processes, to put in practice metacommunication and to promote cooperation between children and adults.
This research presents the “Scratch’ando com o sapo na infância” – Childhood with Scrach in motion project, which is developed with the support of several institutional partnerships, namely: PT - Portugal Telecom/SAPO Company, University of Aveiro and Inforlandia Enterprise Software, the latter, provided and installed the computers needed to develop the study and Kindergarten of Cooperativa de Educação e Ensino A Torre, which provides study’s working place.
The project adopts the action research process of problem solving and uses a variety of intervention-training strategies placed in the studies’ horizon where is established the connection between the disciplinary fields of ludicity, communication, creativity, and pedagogy.
The main aim of this research is to understand how children with five and six years old interact and express themselves using new technologies, specifically when recreate the Scratch tutorials available at http://kids.sapo.pt/, being supported by the researcher, educators and parents, in order to create new projects that are result of their play.
The Childhood with Scrach in motion project consists of several sequential stages, through which it is intended to promote the spontaneous social playing (SSP). The methodology for the promotion of SSP consists in improving an iterative way by adults and in developing SSP among children. Thus, the iterative process of SSP promotion through the Scratch consists of eight development stages: i) defining the basis for inter-institutional cooperation; ii) approach to Scratch and familiarization with children; iii) friendship (using “Amigos na Quinta”– Friends on the farm tutorial); iv) circumscribe (using the “Pópio” and “Pópia” heroes); v) autonomy (support the dependency resolution from adults); vi) sharing; vii) spontaneous social playing; and viii) divulgation.
Through the final results it is intend, firstly, to contribute to innovation of Scratch programming aiming it towards children and, secondly, to promote spontaneous social playing on digital platforms, as well as encourage the active participation of children with suggestions for improving the application and the programming concepts for this age group.

¹ http://info.scratch.mit.edu/About_Scratch
@InProceedings{OLIVEIRA2011SCR,
author = {Oliveira, A.P. and Lopes, M.C.},
title = {SCRATCH PROGRAMMING: THE PROMOTION OF SPONTANEOUS SOCIAL PLAYING IN KINDERGARTEN},
series = {5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2011 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-614-7423-3},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {7-9 March, 2011},
year = {2011},
pages = {3927-3934}}
TY - CONF
AU - A.P. Oliveira AU - M.C. Lopes
TI - SCRATCH PROGRAMMING: THE PROMOTION OF SPONTANEOUS SOCIAL PLAYING IN KINDERGARTEN
SN - 978-84-614-7423-3/2340-1079
PY - 2011
Y1 - 7-9 March, 2011
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2011 Proceedings
SP - 3927
EP - 3934
ER -
A.P. Oliveira, M.C. Lopes (2011) SCRATCH PROGRAMMING: THE PROMOTION OF SPONTANEOUS SOCIAL PLAYING IN KINDERGARTEN, INTED2011 Proceedings, pp. 3927-3934.
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