About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 3450-3455
Publication year: 2018
ISBN: 978-84-09-02709-5
ISSN: 2340-1117
doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2018.0895

Conference name: 10th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 2-4 July, 2018
Location: Palma, Spain

HOW PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS’ PHYSICS RELATED EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS ARE RELATED TO THEIR PHYSICS KNOWLEDGE AND PEDAGOGICAL KNOWLEDGE

F. Ogan-Bekiroglu, E. Suzuk

Marmara University (TURKEY)
Epistemological beliefs are likely to influence how teachers instruct, and subsequently, how teachers knowingly or unknowingly modify students’ epistemological beliefs (Schommer-Aikins, 2004). Research supports the idea that epistemological beliefs are domain-specific. That is, individuals’ general epistemological beliefs may be different from their epistemological beliefs in the domain of physics (Ogan-Bekiroglu & Sengul-Turgut, 2011). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between pre-service teachers’ physics epistemological beliefs and their knowledge of physics and pedagogical knowledge.

The participants were 16 pre-service physics teachers who were about the graduate from a public university. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were carried out to collect and analyze the data. Physics Related Epistemological Beliefs Questionnaire developed by the researchers was used in semi-structured interviews. The questionnaire contained 17 open-ended questions distributed to the following five non-orthogonal dimensions: Structure of Scientific Knowledge, Nature of Knowing and Learning, Real-Life Applicability, Evolving Knowledge, and Source of Ability to Learn. The dimensions were identified based on the instrument called Epistemological Beliefs Assessment for Physical Science which was developed to probe students’ epistemologies and their views about the nature of knowledge and learning in the physical sciences. The questions were prepared as contextualized. The participants’ epistemological beliefs were categorized from least sophisticated to most sophisticated based on the codes derived from the related literature. In order to look for a relationship between the participants’ epistemological beliefs and their knowledge, comparisons were made between the participants’ epistemological beliefs in each dimension and their GPA (Grade Point Average) scores of physics courses, physics education courses and education courses. Scores were assigned to the levels of epistemological beliefs and GPA scores to examine patterns. Non-parametric Spearman-Rho analysis was performed to search for a statistical correlation.

The following conclusions can be drawn from the study: First, pre-service physics teachers do not have the highest level physics epistemological beliefs which are necessary for conceptual change, understanding nature of science, and engaging in scientific inquiry process. Hence, this study suggests that science and science education programs need to be enhanced to facilitate students’ epistemological beliefs in the specific domains. Second, pre-service teachers’ physics knowledge is related with their beliefs about real-life applicability, nature of knowing and learning, and source of ability to learn. Therefore, physics needs to be thought by facilitating construction of one's own understanding with the help of working through the material actively, relating new material to prior experiences, intuitions, and knowledge, and reflecting upon and monitoring one's understanding. Additionally, students need to relate science to real world applications during the courses. Third, pre-service physics teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge is associated with their physics related epistemological beliefs. As a result, improvement in beliefs may cause improvement in pedagogical content knowledge.
@InProceedings{OGANBEKIROGLU2018HOW,
author = {Ogan-Bekiroglu, F. and Suzuk, E.},
title = {HOW PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS’ PHYSICS RELATED EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS ARE RELATED TO THEIR PHYSICS KNOWLEDGE AND PEDAGOGICAL KNOWLEDGE},
series = {10th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies},
booktitle = {EDULEARN18 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-09-02709-5},
issn = {2340-1117},
doi = {10.21125/edulearn.2018.0895},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/edulearn.2018.0895},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Palma, Spain},
month = {2-4 July, 2018},
year = {2018},
pages = {3450-3455}}
TY - CONF
AU - F. Ogan-Bekiroglu AU - E. Suzuk
TI - HOW PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS’ PHYSICS RELATED EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS ARE RELATED TO THEIR PHYSICS KNOWLEDGE AND PEDAGOGICAL KNOWLEDGE
SN - 978-84-09-02709-5/2340-1117
DO - 10.21125/edulearn.2018.0895
PY - 2018
Y1 - 2-4 July, 2018
CI - Palma, Spain
JO - 10th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
JA - EDULEARN18 Proceedings
SP - 3450
EP - 3455
ER -
F. Ogan-Bekiroglu, E. Suzuk (2018) HOW PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS’ PHYSICS RELATED EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS ARE RELATED TO THEIR PHYSICS KNOWLEDGE AND PEDAGOGICAL KNOWLEDGE, EDULEARN18 Proceedings, pp. 3450-3455.
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