THE ETHICAL CODE OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS AS THE BASIS FOR THE UNIVERSITY'S CORPORATE CULTURE. CASE STUDY: HOW DO ETHICAL CODES WORK?
1 Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
2 Istanbul University (TURKEY)
About this paper:
Conference name: 15th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 7-9 November, 2022
Location: Seville, Spain
Abstract:Presented in the article are the results of the research on the current state of development and implementation of the ethical codes as one of the fundamental documents of corporate culture of any educational institution. However, the analysis of the known experience of creating ethical codes allows us to conclude, on the one hand, that they are in demand as relations' regulators between all groups of educational process participants and, on the other hand, that there are no unified approaches and recommendations for their formation.
The objective of this work is to develop an integrated model of ethical code, which should contain general, "universal" for all educational institutions behavioural guidelines and at the same time create the possibility to develop "personalised" codes of a particular university taking into account all its peculiarities. In order to achieve this goal, we have analysed the experience of ethical codes in a variety of organisations, considered their diverse classification groups, structure and content, purposes of their creation and tasks, developed the concept of a standard model of a code of ethics in higher education institution.
According to the formulated concept and the study of the educational process in higher education, an integrated model of ethical code, which formalises the basic norms of behaviour and relationships between students, all categories of staff, partner companies and other stakeholders, was developed.
Most importantly, the integrated model of ethical code allows to develop local regulations of educational institutions, bringing to a "common denominator" the behaviour and attitude towards professional obligations, and in some cases, the employees' worldview with different education levels, different social, cultural and age groups, taking into account the organisation's characteristics, to form general cultural, personal and social competencies of graduates. In this case, the practical significance of the developed integrated model is the possibility of forming corporate culture by higher educational institutions using a common approach; creating an atmosphere of manageability among the staff; achieving a conflict-free environment; shaping and maintaining an attractive image of a university in its relations with the external environment based on the attractive behavior and interactions of each employee; motivated mobilization of resources to maximize the commitment of staff and students to the common goal of providing high quality education.
Keywords: University, general cultural, social, personal competences, corporate culture, code of ethics, standard model.