About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 2215-2225
Publication year: 2010
ISBN: 978-84-614-2439-9
ISSN: 2340-1095

Conference name: 3rd International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 15-17 November, 2010
Location: Madrid, Spain

COMPARING THE EFFECTS OF USING THE FIVE PHASE NEEDHAM METHOD, THE STAD METHOD, AND THE CONVENTIONAL METHOD IN THE TEACHING OF HISTORY

S. Nair1, M. Muthiah2

1Universiti Sains Malaysia (MALAYSIA)
2Teaching Institution (MALAYSIA)
This paper is based on a research aims to investigate the effect of using the Five Phase Needham method, the STAD method and the conventional method towards the achievement of history, social skills and student interest in history. This study also aims to determine if there are effects of retention in the knowledge of history, social skills and students interest in history after students had been taught using the Five Phase Needham method (Experimental Group 1), the STAD method (Experimental Group 2)and the conventional method (Control Group). This study used the quasi-experimental design which was carried out for fourteen weeks. The study sample comprised of 215 Form Four students from three secondary schools in the Kulim district in Kedah, Malaysia. A history achievement test, a questionnaire on social skills and a questionnaire on interest in history were used to determine changes in the dependent variables. The derived data was analysed using the one-way ANOVA, the Post Hoc Tukey test, MANOVA repeated measure analysis, and the univariate test. The study revealed several interesting findings. There was significant increase for Experimental Group 1 compared to Experimental Group 2 and the Control Group for achievement tests, social skills and interest in history. The findings of the MANOVA repeated measure and the univariate test showed that Experimental Group 1 showed a higher and more significant increase for the retention in history knowledge and retention of interest in history compared to Experimental Group 2 and the Control Group. Experimental Group 2 obtained higher and more significant retention in social skills compared to Experimental Group 1 and the Control Group. Therefore, it can be summed up that the Five Phase Needham and STAD are be used to maintain the knowledge, social skills and interest towards the History subject.
@InProceedings{NAIR2010COM,
author = {Nair, S. and Muthiah, M.},
title = {COMPARING THE EFFECTS OF USING THE FIVE PHASE NEEDHAM METHOD, THE STAD METHOD, AND THE CONVENTIONAL METHOD IN THE TEACHING OF HISTORY},
series = {3rd International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2010 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-614-2439-9},
issn = {2340-1095},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Madrid, Spain},
month = {15-17 November, 2010},
year = {2010},
pages = {2215-2225}}
TY - CONF
AU - S. Nair AU - M. Muthiah
TI - COMPARING THE EFFECTS OF USING THE FIVE PHASE NEEDHAM METHOD, THE STAD METHOD, AND THE CONVENTIONAL METHOD IN THE TEACHING OF HISTORY
SN - 978-84-614-2439-9/2340-1095
PY - 2010
Y1 - 15-17 November, 2010
CI - Madrid, Spain
JO - 3rd International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2010 Proceedings
SP - 2215
EP - 2225
ER -
S. Nair, M. Muthiah (2010) COMPARING THE EFFECTS OF USING THE FIVE PHASE NEEDHAM METHOD, THE STAD METHOD, AND THE CONVENTIONAL METHOD IN THE TEACHING OF HISTORY, ICERI2010 Proceedings, pp. 2215-2225.
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